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About Richard C. Holz

Professor Holz earned his bachelor’s degree at Bemidji State University, his master’s degree at the University of Minnesota-Duluth and his doctorate in chemistry from The Pennsylvania State University. He was a National Institutes of Health Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the University of Minnesota after which he joined the faculty at Utah State University before moving to Loyola University Chicago as the Chair of the Chemistry Department. Dr. Holz joined Marquette University in July 2013 as dean of the college. He has contributed to more than 90 research articles and co-invented two patents.
The Holz research group interfaces the general areas of inorganic chemistry, mechanistic enzymology and biophysical chemistry. In general the Holz group is interested in structure/function studies of metalloenzymes some of which are antimicrobial targets. Within these studies, the Holz group uses a wide variety of biochemical and biophysical methods such as enzyme kinetics, site-directed mutagenesis, isothermal titration calorimetry, UV-Vis, NMR and EPR spectroscopies. Current projects in the Holz group center on an NSF sponsored project to study the catalytic mechanism of nitrile hydratases (NHases) and an NIH sponsored project to study the zinc dependent dapE-encoded desuccinylase from Haemophilus influenzae (DapE).
NHases are metalloenzymes in the nitrile degradation pathway that catalyze the hydration of nitriles to their corresponding amides at ambient pressures and temperatures at physiological pH. NHases have attracted substantial interest as biocatalysts in preparative organic chemistry and are used in many applications such as the large scale industrial production of acrylamide and nicotinamide. Because of their exquisite reaction specificity, the nitrile-hydrolyzing potential of NHase enzymes is becoming increasingly recognized as a truly new type of “Green” chemistry. However, little is understood about how NHase enzymes function. Therefore, a better understanding of the structure and reaction mechanism of NHase enzymes will enable access to nitrile-hydrolyzing materials with broader substrate ranges, higher activities, and greater stabilities.
DapE is a member of the lysine biosynthetic pathway, which also produces meso-diaminopimelic acid (meso-DAP), an essential component of bacterial cell wall synthesis. Disruption of the biosynthesis of meso-DAP has been shown to result in cell death for several bacteria. Since drug resistance in pathogenic bacteria has increased tremendously in the past few years, DapE’s are potential novel pharmaceutical targets for which a human counterpart does not exist. Therefore, the design and synthesis of small molecules that inhibit DapE may lead to a new class of antibiotics.

Positions

Present Dean-Helen Way Klingler College of Arts & Sciences, Marquette University
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