|Present||Professor, Department of Environmental Sciences, Western Washington University ‐ Huxley College of the Environment|
|Present||Director, Western Washington University ‐ Institue for Watershed Studies, Huxley College of the Environment|
Phone: (360) 650-3507
Office: ES604A, MS9069
Contributions to Books (1)
Design and Analysis of Multispecies Toxicity Tests for Pesticide Registration
Ecological Applications (1997)
The community conditioning hypothesis describes ecological structures as historical, nonequilibrial, and by definition complex. Indeed, the historical nature of ecological ...
The Community Conditioning Hypothesis and its Application to Environmental Toxicology
Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (1996)
In this paper we present the community conditioning hypothesis, “ecological communities retain information about events in their history.” This hypothesis, ...