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Unpublished Paper
Were Multi-Hazard Mitigation Plans an advantage? [Draft Project Proposal]
Project for Professional Degree (2005)
  • Thomas Lyons Carr III
Abstract

Does participation in FEMA’s Multi-Hazard Mitigation Planning process increase the preparedness of communities to response to, recover, and reconstruct from disasters?

Introduction As of mid August 2005 FEMA had approved 57 state FEMA - Approved Multi-Hazard Mitigation Plans (Federated States of Micronesia: Approvable pending adoption, Missouri, Washington and Oklahoma have "Enhanced" plans) and 1142 local FEMA - Approved Multi-Hazard Mitigation Plans covering 5704 jurisdictions in compliance with The Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000 (P.L. 106-390 [DMA 2000]), which amended the Robert T. Stafford Relief and Emergency Assistance Act.(United States. 2000; United States. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). FEMA - Approved Multi-Hazard Mitigation Plans 2000, Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, Pub.L. 93-288 as Amended 2003)

On August 29, 2005 at 6:10am CDT Hurricane Katrina made landfall along the Central Gulf Coast making landfall in Plaquemines Parish, Louisiana just south of Buras as a Category 4 storm causing catastrophe damage to the coastal regions of Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama. Twenty-six (26) days later Hurricane Rita struck, making landfall between Sabine Pass, Texas, and Johnson's Bayou, Louisiana, at 02:38 CDT on September 24, 2005 as a Category 3 storm reflooding parts of New Orleans and causing extensive damage in the coastal areas in southwestern Louisiana and extreme southeastern Texas.(United States. NOAA/National Weather Service. 2005 Season Summaries and Reports; Atlantic: Aug: Tropical Weather Summary 2005, 2005 Season Summaries and Reports; Atlantic: Sep: Tropical Weather Summary 2005)

Of the 1142 local FEMA - Approved Multi-Hazard Mitigation Plans; Texas with 254 counties had 18 approved local plans covering 167 jurisdictions; Louisiana with 64 parishes (counties) had three (3) approved local plans covering 12 jurisdictions; Mississippi with 82 counties had six (6) approved local plans covering six (6) jurisdictions; in addition, Alabama with 67 counties had 63 approved local plans covering 331 jurisdictions. (United States. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). FEMA - Approved Multi-Hazard Mitigation Plans 2000)

Did participation in FEMA’s All-Hazard Mitigation Planning process increase the preparedness of these communities on the Gulf Coast to response to, recover and reconstruct from Hurricanes Katrina and Rita?

Keywords
  • All-Hazard Mitigation Planning,
  • preparedness,
  • communities,
  • response to,
  • recover from,
  • reconstruct,
  • disasters
Publication Date
November, 2005
Citation Information
Thomas Lyons Carr III. "Were Multi-Hazard Mitigation Plans an advantage? [Draft Project Proposal]" Project for Professional Degree (2005)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/thomas_lyons_carr_iii/13/