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CANDELS: The Cosmic Assembly Near-infrared Deep Extragalactic Legacy Survey
Astrophysical Journal Supplement (2009)
  • Norman A. Grogin
  • Dale D. Kocevski
  • S. M. Faber
  • Henry C. Ferguson
  • Anton M. Koekemoer
  • Adam G. Riess
  • Viviana Acquaviva
  • David M. Alexander
  • Omar Almaini
  • Matthew L. N. Ashby
  • Marco Barden
  • Eric F. Bell
  • Frédéric Bournaud
  • Thomas M. Brown
  • Karina I. Caputi
  • Stefano Casertano
  • Paolo Cassata
  • Marco Castellano
  • Peter Challis
  • Ranga-Ram Chary
  • Edmond Cheung
  • Michele Cirasuolo
  • Christopher J. Conselice
  • Asantha Roshan Cooray
  • Darren J. Croton
  • Emanuele Daddi
  • Tomas Dahlen
  • Romeel Davé
  • Duília F. de Mello
  • Avishai Dekel
  • Mark Dickinson
  • Timothy Dolch
  • Jennifer L. Donley
  • James S. Dunlop
  • Aaron A. Dutton
  • David Elbaz
  • Giovanni G. Fazio
  • Alexei V. Filippenko
  • Steven L. Finkelstein
  • Adriano Fontana
  • Jonathan P. Gardner
  • Peter M. Garnavich
  • Eric Gawiser
  • Mauro Giavalisco, University of Massachusetts - Amherst
  • Andrea Grazian
  • Yicheng Guo
  • Nimish P. Hathi
  • Boris Häussler
  • Philip F. Hopkins
  • Jia-Sheng Huang
  • Kuang-Han Huang
  • Saurabh W. Jha
  • Jeyhan S. Kartaltepe
  • Robert P. Kirshner
  • David C. Koo
  • Kamson Lai
  • Kyoung-Soo Lee
  • Weidong Li
  • Jennifer M. Lotz
  • Ray A. Lucas
  • Piero Madau
  • Patrick J. McCarthy
  • Elizabeth J. McGrath
  • Daniel H. McIntosh
  • Ross J. McLure
  • Bahram Mobasher
  • Leonidas A. Moustakas
  • Mark Mozena
  • Kirpal Nandra
  • Jeffrey A. Newman
  • Sami-Matias Niemi
  • Kai G. Noeske
  • Casey J. Papovich
  • Laura Pentericci
  • Alexandra Pope
  • Joel R. Primack
  • Abhijith Rajan
  • Swara Ravindranath
  • Naveen A. Reddy
  • Alvio Renzini
  • Hans-Walter Rix
  • Aday R. Robaina
  • Steven A. Rodney
  • David J. Rosario
  • Piero Rosati
  • Sara Salimbeni
  • Claudia Scarlata
  • Brian Siana
  • Luc Simard
  • Joseph Smidt
  • Rachel S. Somerville
  • Hyron Spinrad
  • Amber N. Straughn
  • Louis-Gregory Strolger
  • Olivia Telford
  • Harry I. Teplitz
  • Jonathan R. Trump
  • Arjen van der Wel
  • Carolin Villforth
  • Risa H. Wechsler
  • Benjamin J. Weiner
  • Tommy Wiklind
  • Vivienne Wild
  • Grant Wilson
  • Stijn Wuyts
  • Hao-Jing Yan
  • Min S. Yun
The Cosmic Assembly Near-infrared Deep Extragalactic Legacy Survey (CANDELS) is designed to document the first third of galactic evolution, over the approximate redshift (z) range 8--1.5. It will image >250,000 distant galaxies using three separate cameras on the Hubble Space Telescope, from the mid-ultraviolet to the near-infrared, and will find and measure Type Ia supernovae at z>1.5 to test their accuracy as standardizable candles for cosmology. Five premier multi-wavelength sky regions are selected, each with extensive ancillary data. The use of five widely separated fields mitigates cosmic variance and yields statistically robust and complete samples of galaxies down to a stellar mass of 10^9 M_\odot to z \approx 2, reaching the knee of the ultraviolet luminosity function (UVLF) of galaxies to z \approx 8. The survey covers approximately 800 arcmin^2 and is divided into two parts. The CANDELS/Deep survey (5\sigma\ point-source limit H=27.7 mag) covers \sim 125 arcmin^2 within GOODS-N and GOODS-S. The CANDELS/Wide survey includes GOODS and three additional fields (EGS, COSMOS, and UDS) and covers the full area to a 5\sigma\ point-source limit of H \gtrsim 27.0 mag. Together with the Hubble Ultra Deep Fields, the strategy creates a three-tiered "wedding cake" approach that has proven efficient for extragalactic surveys. Data from the survey are nonproprietary and are useful for a wide variety of science investigations. In this paper, we describe the basic motivations for the survey, the CANDELS team science goals and the resulting observational requirements, the field selection and geometry, and the observing design. The Hubble data processing and products are described in a companion paper.
  • Cosmology: observations,
  • Galaxies: high-redshifts
Publication Date
Publisher Statement
This paper was harvested from and ArXiv identifier is arXiv:1105.3753
Citation Information
Norman A. Grogin, Dale D. Kocevski, S. M. Faber, Henry C. Ferguson, et al.. "CANDELS: The Cosmic Assembly Near-infrared Deep Extragalactic Legacy Survey" Astrophysical Journal Supplement (2009)
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