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About Curtis VanderSchaaf

I am currently an Assistant Professor in Forestry at Louisiana Tech University. My main responsibilities are teaching quantitative forestry classes, research, and some outreach/extension services. My main research interests are using statistics to help answer real-world forest management questions.

Below is a list of my publications/posters/presentations that I have completed over my career.

Refereed journals

VanderSchaaf, C.L., S. Huang, T.E. McConnell, G. Trincado, and Y. Yang.  2018.  Mixed-effects height-diameter models for pine plantations in northern Florida and Georgia.  Florida Scientist 81: 157-169.
 
McConnell, T.E., C.L. VanderSchaaf, and S.M. Tanger.  2018.  Potential losses in Louisiana hardwood sawtimber economic contributions after Emerald Ash Borer invasion.  Louisiana Agriculture 61: 14-15.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L.  2018.  Using Bayesian methodology to incorporate personal knowledge when estimating average tons per acre of loblolly pine plantations.  Forestry Research and Engineering: International Journal 2: 140-147.
VanderSchaaf, C.L., M. Blazier, E. McConnell, and J. Adams.  2018.  Determining unthinned shortleaf pine (Pinus echinata Mill.) plantation economic rotation ages in the Western Gulf.  Forestry Research and Engineering: International Journal 2: 132-138.
 
South, D.B., and C.L. VanderSchaaf.  2017.  Should forest regeneration studies have more replications?  Reforesta 3: 19-30.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L., G. Holley, and J. Adams.  2017.  Using double-sampling techniques to reduce the number of measurement trees during forest inventories.  Reforesta 3: 31-40.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L., G. Holley, A Arends, J. Adams, and D. Deckard.  2016.  Comparing economic returns of red pine plantation thinning scenarios using Forest Vegetation Simulator (FVS).  The Minnesota Academy of Science Journal 80: 1-11.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L.  2015.  Using Forest Inventory and Analysis plots to estimate sample sizes for alternative inventory methods. Forest Science 61: 535-539.
 
Russell, M.B., A.W. D’Amato, M.A. Albers, C.W. Woodall, K.J. Puettmann, M.R. Saunders, and C.L. VanderSchaaf.  2015.  Performance of the Forest Vegetation Simulator in managed white spruce plantations influenced by eastern spruce budworm in northern Minnesota.  Forest Science 61:723-730.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L.  2014.  Mixed-effects height-diameter models for ten conifers in the inland Northwest, USA.  Southern Forests 76: 1-9.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L.  2013.  Practical implications of projecting a horizontal angle in a non-horizontal manner to diameter at breast height.  Northern Journal of Applied Forestry 30: 188-190.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L.  2013.  Mixed-effects height-diameter models for commercially and ecologically important hardwoods in Minnesota.  Northern Journal of Applied Forestry 30: 37-42.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L.  2012.  Mixed-effects height-diameter models for commercially and ecologically important conifers in Minnesota.  Northern Journal of Applied Forestry 29: 15-20.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L., and H.E. Burkhart.  2012.  Development of planting density-specific density management diagrams for loblolly pine.  Southern Journal of Applied Forestry 36: 126-129.
 
South, D.B., E.E. Johnson, M.J. Hainds, and C.L. VanderSchaaf.  2012.  Restoring longleaf pine on an agricultural site by planting alternating rows of slash pine: a case study.  Southern Journal of Applied Forestry 36: 118-125.
 
Meng, S.X., S. Huang, C.L. VanderSchaaf, Y. Yang, and G. Trincado.  2012.  Accounting for serial correlation and its impact on forecasting ability of a fixed- and mixed-effects basal area model: a case study.  European Journal of Forest Research 131: 541-552.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L., and L. Jordan.  2011.  Economic impacts of projecting horizontal angles to the wrong height when conducting point sampling.  Southern Journal of Applied Forestry.  35: 33-38.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L, Y. Li, and D.B. South.  2011.  The weighted least squares method affects the economic rotation age of loblolly pine – two planting density scenarios.  The Open Forest Science Journal 4: 42-48.
 
South, D.B., R. Johnson, M. Hainds, and C.L. VanderSchaaf.  2011.  Realized gains from planting Pinus taeda in 6.1 meter rows in Alabama.  The Open Forest Science Journal 4:71-77.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L.  2010.  Estimating individual stand size-density trajectories and a MSDR species boundary line.  Forest Science 56: 327-335.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.  2009.  Compatible stem taper and total tree volume equations for loblolly pine plantations in southeastern Arkansas.  Journal of the ArkansasAcademy of Science 62: 103-106.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L., and D.B. South.  2009.  Biological, economic, and management implications of weighted least squares.  Southern Journal of Applied Forestry 33: 53-57.
 
Huang, S., D.P. Wiens, Y. Yuqing, S.X. Meng, C.L. VanderSchaaf.  2009.  Assessing the impacts of species composition, top height and density on individual tree height prediction of quaking aspen in boreal mixedwoods.  Forest Ecology and Management 258: 1235-1247.
 
Meng, S.X., S. Huang, Y. Yang, G. Trincado, and C.L. VanderSchaaf.  2009.  Evaluation of population-averaged and subject-specific approaches for modeling the dominant or codominant height of lodgepole pine trees. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 39: 1148-1158.
 
Yang, Y., S. Huang, S.X. Meng, G. Trincado, and C.L. VanderSchaaf.  2009.  A multilevel individual tree basal area increment model for aspen in boreal mixedwood stands.  Canadian Journal of Forest Research 39: 2203-2214.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L.  2008.  Estimating understory vegetation response to multi-nutrient fertilization in Douglas-fir and ponderosa pine stands.  Journal of Forest Research 13: 43-51.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L., and H.E. Burkhart.  2008.  Using segmented regression to estimate stages and phases of stand development.   Forest Science 54: 167-175.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L., and D.B. South.  2008.  RCDlob: a growth and yield model for loblolly pine that incorporates root-collar diameter at time-of-planting.  The Americas Journal of Plant Science and Biotechnology 2(1): 5-11.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L., and H.E. Burkhart.  2007.  Comparison of methods to estimate Reineke’s Maximum Size-Density Relationship species boundary line slope.   Forest Science 53: 435-442.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L., and H.E. Burkhart.  2007.  Relationship between maximum basal area carrying capacity and MSDRs.  Modern Applied Science 1(4): 3-6.
 
Trincado, G., C.L. VanderSchaaf, and H.E. Burkhart.  2007.  Regional mixed-effects height-diameter models for loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) plantations.  European Journal of Forest Research 126: 253-262.
 
South, D.B., Miller, J.H., M.O. Kimberly, and C.L. VanderSchaaf.  2006.  Determining productivity gains from forest vegetation management with ‘age-shift’ calculations.  Forestry. 79(1): 43-56.
 
McNabb, K., and C. VanderSchaaf.   2005.  Growth of sweetgum three years after planting morphologically different seedlings and two pruning operations.  New Forests  29: 313-320.
 
South, D.B., C. VanderSchaaf, and J. Britt.  2005.  Reforestation costs can be decreased by
lowering initial stocking with morphologically improved seedlings.  Native Plants 6 (Spring): 76-82.
 
South, D.B., C.L. VanderSchaaf, and L.D. Teeter.  2005.  Forecasting volume and economic gains from intensive plantation management using different response curves.  Southern African Forestry Journal 203: 41-47.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L., and K.L. McNabb.  2004.  Winter nitrogen fertilization of loblolly pine seedlings.  Plant and Soil 265: 295-299.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L., J.A. Moore, and J.L. Kingery.  2004.  The effect of multi-nutrient fertilization on understory vegetation nutrient concentrations in inland Northwest conifer stands.  Forest Ecology and Management 190: 201-218.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L., and D.B. South.  2003.  Effect of planting depth on growth of open-rooted Pinus elliottii and Pinus taeda seedlings in the United States.  Southern African Forestry Journal 198: 63-73.
 
South, D.B., C.L. VanderSchaaf, and C.T. Smith.  2003.  Number of trees per experimental unit is important when comparing transplant stress index values.  New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science 33(1): 126-132.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L., J.A. Moore, and J.L. Kingery.  2002.  The effect of multi-nutrient fertilization on understory vegetation annual production.  Western Journal of Applied Forestry 17(3): 147-153.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L., J.A. Moore, and J.L. Kingery.  2000.  The effects of multi-nutrient fertilization on understory plant diversity.  Northwest Science 74(4): 316-324.

Refereed proceedings
VanderSchaaf, C.L.  2008.  Stand level height-diameter mixed effects models: parameters fit using loblolly pine but calibrated for sweetgum.  In Jacobs, D.F., and C.H. Michler, eds. Proceedings, 16th Central Hardwood Forest Conference.  Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-24.  Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 595 p.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L., R. Hane, J.P. Adams, M. Blazier, and E. McConnell.  In press.  Biomass equations following herbicide application over hybrid sweetgum afforestation sites.  In Saunders, M.R., ed. Proceedings, 18th Central Hardwood Forest Conference.  Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-xx.  Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. xxx p.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L., and E. McConnell.  In press.  Mixed-effects height-diameter models for common ashes, maples, oaks, and tupelos in the Western Gulf.  In Saunders, M.R., ed. Proceedings, 18th Central Hardwood Forest Conference.  Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-xx.  Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. xxx p.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L., and J.C. Hayek.  In press.  Using Bayesian methodology to incorporate personal knowledge when estimating average volume per hectare  In Saunders, M.R., ed. Proceedings, 18th Central Hardwood Forest Conference.  Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-xx.  Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. xxx p.
 
Invited chapters
VanderSchaaf, C.L.  2005.  Impacts of multi-nutrient fertilization with other nutrients on understory vegetation Ca and P concentrations and the Ca/P ratio.  Trends in Biodiversity Research pgs. 171-189.  A.R. Burk, editor.  Nova Science Publishers, Inc. New York, NY.
 
Masters thesis
VanderSchaaf, C.  1999.  Operational fertilization effects on under-story vegetation.  M.S. Thesis.  University of Idaho.  Moscow, Idaho. 157 p.
 
Ph.D. dissertation
VanderSchaaf, C.L.  2006.  Modeling maximum size-density relationships of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) plantations.  Ph.D. Dissertation.  Virginia Polytechnic Institute and StateUniversity.  Blacksburg, Virginia. 171 p.
 
USDA Forest Service
Miles, P.D., C.L. VanderSchaaf, C. Barnett, B.J. Butler, S.J. Crocker, D.D. Gormanson, C.M. Kurtz, T.W. Lister, W.H. McWilliams, R.S. Morin, M.D. Nelson, C.H. (Hobie) Perry, R.I. Riemann, J.E. Smith, B.F. Walters, J. Westfall, and C.W. Woodall.  2016.  Minnesota Forests 2013.  Resource Bulletin NRS-104. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 134 p.
 
Miles, P.D., and C. VanderSchaaf.  2015.  Forests of Minnesota, 2014.  Res. Update FS-44. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 4 p.
 
Miles, P.D., and C. VanderSchaaf.  2014.  Forests of Minnesota, 2013.  Res. Update FS-9. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 4 p.
 
Miles, P.D., and C.L. VanderSchaaf.  2012.  Minnesota’s forest resources, 2012.  Res. Note. NRS-175. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 4 p.
 
Miles, P.D., and C.L. VanderSchaaf.  2012.  Minnesota’s forest resources, 2011.  Res. Note. NRS-134. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 4 p.

Proceedings
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L.  In press.  Estimating carbon in Minnesota forests. In Saunders, M.R., ed. Proceedings, 18th Central Hardwood Forest Conference.  Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-xx.  Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. xxx p.
 
South, D.B., C.L. VanderSchaaf.  In press.  If survival matters, should regeneration studies have more replications?   Proceedings 19th BSSRC conference.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L.  2017.  Regional comparisons of economic returns associated with commonly managed species.  Chang, S.J. and Tanger, S. eds. 2017. Forest economics, management, and policy in all flavors: From timber investment and wood products to payment for ecosystem services and everything in between – Proceedings of the 2017 Meeting of the International Society of Forest Resource Economics. Louisiana Agricultural Experiment Station Occasional Paper XX, Louisiana State University Agricultural Center. 122 p. Proceedings International Society of Forest Resource Economics (ISFRE).
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L.  2017.  Using Forest Vegetation Simulator (FVS) to calculate cover type transition probabilities of deferred/altered stands within the Border Lakes subsection.  Keyser, Chad E.; Keyser, Tara L. eds. 2017. Proceeding of the 2017 Forest Vegetation Simulator (FVS) e-Conference. e-Gen. Tech.  Rep. SRS-224. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Southern Research Station.  200 p.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L., G. Holley, J. Adams.  2017.  Economic Returns of White Spruce Plantation Thinning Scenarios Using Forest Vegetation Simulator (FVS).  Keyser, Chad E.; Keyser, Tara L. eds. 2017.  Proceeding of the 2017 Forest Vegetation Simulator (FVS) e-Conference. e-Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-224.  Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 200 p.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L., G. Holley, J. Adams.  2017.  Comparing Unthinned Slash Pine Plantation Yield Predictions From Time-of-Planting.  Keyser, Chad E.; Keyser, Tara L. eds. 2017. Proceeding of the 2017 Forest Vegetation Simulator (FVS) e-Conference. e-Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-224. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 200 p.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L. 2015. Modeling aspen cover type diameter distributions in Minnesota. Stanton, Sharon M.; Christensen, Glenn A., comps. Pushing boundaries: new directions in inventory techniques and applications: Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) symposium 2015. 2015 December 8–10; Portland, Oregon. Revised edition. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-931. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 384 p.
  
VanderSchaaf, C.L. 2015. Alternatives to estimate statewide changes in aspen cover type volumes.  Stanton, Sharon M.; Christensen, Glenn A., comps. Pushing boundaries: new directions in inventory techniques and applications: Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) symposium 2015. 2015 December 8–10; Portland, Oregon. Revised edition. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-931. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 384 p.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L.  2013.  Reineke’s stand-density index: a quantitative and non-unitless measure of stand density.  In Guldin, J.M., ed.   Proceedings of the 15th Biennial Southern Silvicultural Research Conference.  pgs. 577-579.  e-Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-175.  Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Southern Research Station.  585 p.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L., and H.E. Burkhart.  2013.  Estimating loblolly pine size-density trajectories across a range of planting densities.  In Guldin, J.M., ed.   Proceedings of the 15th Biennial Southern Silvicultural Research Conference.  pgs. 207-212.  e-Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-175.  Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Southern Research Station.  585 p.
 
General, D.R., C.L. VanderSchaaf, and B. Zeide.  2013.  The longest active thinned and pruned loblolly pine permanent plots: the last measurement.  In Guldin, J.M., ed.   Proceedings of the 15th Biennial Southern Silvicultural Research Conference.  pgs. 479-486.  e-Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-175.  Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Southern Research Station.  585 p.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L.  2012.  Alternatives to estimate statewide changes in aspen cover type volumes.  Submitted for the Fourth Forest Vegetation Simulator (FVS) Conference website. 
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L., and H.C. Stuhlinger.  2012.  A mixed-effects height-diameter for cottonwood in the Mississippi Delta.  In Butnor, J.R., ed.   Proceedings of the 16th Biennial Southern Silvicultural Research Conference.  pgs. 352-358.  e-Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-156.  Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Southern Research Station.  393 p.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L., D.W. Coble, and D.B. South.  2012.  Increased uniformity by planting clones will likely have a minimal effect on inventory costs.  In Butnor, J.R., ed.   Proceedings of the 16th Biennial Southern Silvicultural Research Conference.  pgs. 359-362.  e-Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-156.  Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Southern Research Station.  393 p.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L., and H.E. Burkhart.  2010.  Comparing methods to estimate Reineke’s maximum size-density relationship species boundary line slope.   In Stanturf, J.A., ed.  Proceedings of the 14th Biennial Southern Silvicultural Research Conference.  pgs. 399-405. Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-121.  Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 614 p.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L., R. McKnight, T.R. Fox, and H.L. Allen.  2010.  A model for estimating understory vegetation response to fertilization and precipitation in loblolly pine plantations.  In Stanturf, J.A., ed.  Proceedings of the 14th Biennial Southern Silvicultural Research Conference.  pgs. 601-607. Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-121.  Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 614 p.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L., R. Meldahl, and J. Kush.   2007.  Preliminary density management diagram for naturally regenerated longleaf pine in the WesternGulf.  In Estes, B.L., and J.S. Kush, (comps.), Proceedings of the sixth Longleaf Alliance Regional Conference. pgs. 137-140.  Longleaf Alliance Report No. 10.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L.  2006.  A new type of density-management diagram for slash pine plantations.  In Connor, K.F., ed.   Proceedings of the 13th Biennial Southern Silvicultural Research Conference.  pgs. 375-378.  Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-92.  Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 640 p.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L., and S. Prisley.  2006.  Factors affecting site productivity of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) plantations across the Southeastern United States.   Proceedings of the 5th Southern Forestry and Natural Resources GIS Conference, pgs. 175-187.  University of Georgia. 
 
South, D.B., and C.L. VanderSchaaf.  2006.  The statistical reason why researchers say some silvicultural treatments “wash-out” over time.  In Connor, K.F., ed.   Proceedings of the 13th Biennial Southern Silvicultural Research Conference.  pgs. 333-337.  Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-92.  Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 640 p.
 
South, D.B., C.L. VanderSchaaf, and L.D. Teeter.  2006.  Forecasting volume and economic gains from intensive plantation management using exponential, linear and convex response curves.  In Connor, K.F., ed.   Proceedings of the 13th Biennial Southern Silvicultural Research Conference.  pgs. 379-384.  Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-92.  Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 640 p.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L., and D.B. South.  2005.  RCDlob:  An individual tree growth and yield model for loblolly pine that incorporates root-collar diameter at time-of-planting.  In Colombo, S.J., (comp.), Proceedings of the Thin Green Line: A Symposium on the State-of-the-Art in Reforestation.  pgs. 164-169.  Sault Ste. Marie, ON: Ontario Forest Research Institute. 
 
VanderSchaaf, C., D.B. South, and J.A. Earl.  2004.  Power program for the completely randomized factorial and randomized factorial block designs.  In Dotray, P.A., ed.  Proceedings of the 57th Annual Southern Weed Science Society Meeting.  pgs. 353-357.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L.  2003.  Can planting density have an effect on the maximum size-density line of loblolly and slash pine.   In Doruska, P.F., and P.J. Radtke, eds. Proceedings of the Northeastern Mensurationist Organization and Southern Mensurationists 2003 Joint Conference.  pgs. 115-126. 
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L., and D.B. South.  2003.  Early growth response of slash pine to double-bedding on a Flatwoods site in Georgia.  In Conner, K.F., ed. Proceedings of the 12th Biennial Southern Silvicultural Research Conference.  pgs. 363-367.  Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-71.  Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 594 p.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L., and D.B. South.  2003.  Rectangular spacing: an economic benefit?   In Conner, K.F., ed. Proceedings of the 12th Biennial Southern Silvicultural Research Conference.  pgs. 437-440.  Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-71.  Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 594 p.
 
VanderSchaaf, C., D.B. South, and P.F. Doruska.  2003.  The power of statistical tests of herbicide trials in forest nurseries.  In Dotray, P.A., ed.  Proceedings of the 56th Annual Southern Weed Science Society Meeting.  pgs. 202-211.
 
VanderSchaaf, C., D.B. South, and R. Johnson.  2003.  Reducing establishment costs of longleaf pine by planting alternating rows of slash pine.  In Kush, J, (comp.), Proceedings of the fourth Longleaf Alliance Regional Conference. pgs. 154-157.  Longleaf Alliance Report No. 6.  180 pgs.
 
Guo, Y., and VanderSchaaf, C.  2002.  Effect of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilization on growth of a sweetgum plantation damaged by an ice storm.  In Outcalt, K.W., ed.   Proceedings of the Eleventh Biennial Southern Silvicultural Research Conference.  pgs. 223-226.  Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-48.  Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 622 p.
 
VanderSchaaf, C., D.B. South, and L. Teeter.  2002.  Increasing intensive management: does it necassarily mean economic optimization.  In Amacher, G.S., and J. Sullivan, eds.  Proceedings of the 2002 Southern Forest Economics Workshop.  pgs. 49-59.  Virginia Polytechnic Institute and StateUniversity. 
 
Zeide, B., and VanderSchaaf, C.  2002. Effect of density on the height-diameter relationship.  In Outcalt, K.W., ed.  Proceedings of the Eleventh Biennial Southern Silvicultural Research Conference.  pgs. 463-466. Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-48.  Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 622 p.
 
Avila, R., P.E. Gessler, J.A. Moore, and C.L. VanderSchaaf.  1999.  Analysis of airborne hyperspectral data for mapping foliar nutrient distributions in a coniferous forest.  In Proceedings:   pgs. 433-443. Bethesda, MD, American Society of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing.  May 17-21.  Portland, OR.
 
INFORMAL REPORTS

Selected Minnesota Division of Forestry
VanderSchaaf, C., K. Bergstrand, and K. Jacobson.  2016.  Minnesota’s Forest Resources 2015.  Department of Natural Resources, Forestry Division, Resource Assessment Unit.  73 p.
 
VanderSchaaf, C., K. Jacobson, and S.Vongroven.  2015.  Minnesota’s Forest Resources 2014.  Department of Natural Resources, Forestry Division, Resource Assessment Unit.  74 p.
 
VanderSchaaf, C., S.Vongroven. and K. Jacobson.  2014.  Minnesota’s Forest Resources 2013.  Department of Natural Resources, Forestry Division, Resource Assessment Unit.  70 p.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L., and S.Vongroven.  2013.  Minnesota’s Forest Resources 2012.  Department of Natural Resources, Forestry Division, Resource Assessment Unit.  68 p.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.  2012.  Description of timber appraisal for land exchange between Minnesota DNR and Lake County.  Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Forestry Division.  13 p.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L., and K. Jacobson.  2012.  Minnesota’s Forest Resources 2011.  Department of Natural Resources, Forestry Division, Resource Assessment Unit.  66 p.
 
Schmid, C., B. Leibfried, J. Lightfoot, B. Carlson, E. Thorson, D. Tillma, D. Deckard, J. Nelson, J. Olson, P. Olson, and C. VanderSchaaf.  2012.  Extended Rotation Forest: Policy Review and Recommendations.  Department of Natural Resources.  26 p.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.  2011.  Approaches to include black spruce “seed” stands when creating havest blocks using Remsoft Spatial Planning System Stanley software.  Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Forestry Division, Resource Assessment Unit.  12 p.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.  2011.  Assessing available woody biomass supply for a bioenergy facility near Brookston, Minnesota.  Prepared for the Fond du Lac Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Reservation.  34 p.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.  2011.  Rapid assessment of trees in Minnesota  urban communities.  Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Forestry Division, Forest Products Utilization and Marketing Program and Resource Assessment Unit.  6 p.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L., and K. Jacobson.  2011.  Minnesota’s Forest Resources 2010.  Department of Natural Resources, Forestry Division, Resource Assessment Unit.  59 p.
 
VanderSchaaf, C., and K. Jacobson.  2011.  Estimated impacts of emerald ash borer (EAB) on ash timber supply in Minnesota.  Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Forestry Division, Resource Assessment Unit.  25 p.
 
VanderSchaaf, C., T. Aunan, S.L. Flackey, M. Hoppus, and J.R. Nelson.  2011.  Assessing the need for Double-intensity Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) plots.  Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Forestry Division, Resource Assessment Unit.  18 p.
 
Jacobson, K., D. Deckard, C. VanderSchaaf, G. Paulson, J. Nelson, and R. Klevorn.  2011.  Softwood Sawtimber Supply Analysis.  Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Forestry Division.  46 p.
 
Texas Forest Service
VanderSchaaf, C.L.  2010.  Pulpwood harvest and supply comparisons between Northeast and Southeast Texas.  TFS Internal Report.  6 p.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L. 2010.  Longleaf pine (Pinus palustris Mill.) growth and yield.  20 p.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L. 2010.  User’s Guide, LONGLEAF:  A diameter-distribution growth and yield model and decision support system for unthinned longleaf pine plantations.   TFS Report.  15 p.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L., and B. Barber.  2010.  Spatially quantifying woody biomass in Central and West Texas.  TFS Report.  8 p.
 
Li, Y., B. Carraway, and C. VanderSchaaf. 2010.  Harvest Trends 2009.   TFS Report.  24 p.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L.  2009.  Carbon verification notes when using the Forest Vegetation Simulator software package.  TFS Internal Report.  12 p.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L.  2009.  Assessing biomass supply for five proposed bioenergy plants in East Texas.   TFS Internal Report.  15 p.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L.  2009.  Biomass from logging residue and mill residue in East Texas, 2008.  TFS Report.  13 p.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L. 2009.  Central & West Texas Forestlands 2007.   TFS Report.  19 p.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L. 2009.  East Texas Forestlands 2008.   TFS Report.  22 p.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L. 2009.  Harvest Trends 2008.   TFS Report.  24 p.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L., and B. Carraway.  2009.  Assessing private pine timber supply for a new mill in southeast Texas.  TFS Internal Report.  10 p.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L., and B. Carraway.  2009.  Characteristics of family forest owners in West Texas.  TFS Internal Report.  14 p.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L., and D.W. Coble.  2009.  User’s Guide, LOBeatx:  A diameter-distribution growth and yield model and decision support system for unthinned loblolly pine plantations established in East Texas.  TFS Report.  11 p.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L., and D.W. Coble.  2009.  User’s Guide, SLAeatx:  A diameter-distribution growth and yield model and decision support system for unthinned slash pine plantations established in East Texas.  TFS Report.  9 p.
 
Virginia Tech University Loblolly Pine Growth and Yield Cooperative
VanderSchaaf, C.L., and H.E. Burkhart.  2006.  Comparison of methods to estimate Reineke’s maximum size-density relationship species boundary line slope.  Loblolly Pine Growth and Yield Research Cooperative Report No. xxx.  Xx p.
 
Trincado, G., C.L. VanderSchaaf, and H.E. Burkhart.  2005.  Regional height-diameter models for loblolly pine plantations.  Loblolly Pine Growth and Yield Research Cooperative Report No. 142.  26 p.
 
AuburnUniversitySouthernForest Nursery Management Cooperative
McNabb, K., and C. VanderSchaaf. 2003.  A survey of forest tree seedling production in the South for the 2002-2003 planting season.  AUSFNMC Technical Note 03-2.  AuburnUniversity.  Auburn, AL. 
 
South, D.B., C.L. VanderSchaaf, and J. Britt.  2003.  Initial growth of loblolly pine in response to nursery stock and outplanting spacing.  AUSFNMC Research Report 03-8.  AuburnUniversity.  Auburn, AL.
 
VanderSchaaf, C., and K. McNabb.  2002.  Growth of sweetgum three years after planting morphologically different seedlings and two pruning operations.  AUSFNMC Research Report 02-6.  AuburnUniversity.  Auburn, AL. 
 
VanderSchaaf, C., and K. McNabb.  2002.  Preliminary study on the winter fertilization of loblolly pine.  AUSFNMC Research Report 02-7.  AuburnUniversity.  Auburn, AL. 
 
VanderSchaaf, C., and K. McNabb.  2002.  Nitrogen fertilization of loblolly pine during winter.  AUSFNMC Research Report 02-11.  AuburnUniversity.  Auburn, AL.
  
VanderSchaaf, C., D.B. South, and L. Teeter.  2002.  Increasing intensive management: does it necassarily mean an increase in NPV?  AUSFNMC Technical Note 02-2.  AuburnUniversity.  Auburn, AL. 
 
University of Idaho Intermountain Forest Tree Nutrition Cooperative
VanderSchaaf, C.L., J.A. Moore, J.L. Kingery,  1999.  IFTNC Supplemental Report No. 5,
Operational Multi-Nutrient Fertilization Affects Production of Understory Vegetation.  IFTNC. University of Idaho.  Moscow, ID.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.L., J.A. Moore, J.L. Kingery,  1999.  IFTNC Supplemental Report No. 6,
The Effects of Multi-Nutrient Fertilization on Understory Plant Diversity.  IFTNC. University of Idaho.  Moscow, ID.
 
VanderSchaaf, C.  1998.  Progress Report:  Forest fertilization effects on the understory community.   IFTNC.  University of Idaho.  Moscow, ID.
 
Stephen F. AustinStateUniversityEast Texas Pine Plantation Research Project
VanderSchaaf, C., and J.D. Lenhart.  1996.  High/Low Counties.  ETPPRP Report 42.  StephenF.AustinStateUniversity.  Nacogdoches, TX.
 
Lenhart, J.D., and C. VanderSchaaf.  1996.  ...Loblolly pine plantations in East Texas.....Thinned and unthinned - Total wood flow comparison.....A Simulation... ETPPRP Report 45.  StephenF.AustinStateUniversity.  Nacogdoches, TX.
 
Dirksmeyer, G., K. Scott, C. VanderSchaaf, and R. Worthy.  1995.  Site index equations for loblolly and slash pine plantations in East Texas.  ETPPRP Report 37.  StephenF.AustinStateUniversity.  Nacogdoches, TX.
 
Websites
Zeide, B., and C. VanderSchaaf.  2000.  Monticello Thinning and Pruning Study: Long-term observations of a loblolly pine stand planted in 1958-1959.  University of Arkansas-Monticello. 
 
Zeide, B., and C. VanderSchaaf.  2000.  Agroforestry systems with structured tree clusters and rows.   University of Arkansas-Monticello. 

Positions

Present Assistant Professor, Louisiana Tech University Agricultural Sciences and Forestry
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