Gilbert E. Metcalf is a Professor of Economics at Tufts University and a Research
Associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research. Metcalf has taught at Princeton
University, the Kennedy School of Government, and MIT. He has frequently testified before
Congress and served on a number of expert panels. In 2011 - 2012, he served as the Deputy
Assistant Secretary for Environment and Energy at the U.S. Department of the Treasury. 

Metcalf's primary research area is applied public finance with particular interests
in taxation, energy, and environmental economics. His current research focuses on policy
evaluation and design in the area of energy and climate change. He has published papers
in numerous academic journals, has edited three books, and has contributed chapters to a
number of books on energy and tax policy. Metcalf received a B.A. in Mathematics from
Amherst College, an M.S. in Agricultural and Resource Economics from the University of
Massachusetts Amherst, and a Ph.D. in Economics from Harvard University. 

Recent Papers


Integrated Assessment Models and the Social Cost of Carbon: A Review and Assessment (with James Stock) (2015)

We consider the role of integrated assessment models (IAMs) in estimating the social cost of...



A Conceptual Framework for Measuring the Effectiveness of Green Fiscal Reforms (2015)

This paper provides a conceptual framework for assessing the effectiveness (strengths and weaknesses) of a...



Does Better Information Lead to Better Choices? Evidence from Energy-Efficiency Labels (with Gilbert E. Metcalf) (2014)

Information provision is a key element of government energy-efficiency policy, but the information that is...



The CO2 Content of Consumption Across US Regions: A Multi-Regional Input-Output (MRIO) Approach (with Justin Caron and John Reilly), MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change Reports (2014)

We improve on existing estimates of the carbon dioxide (CO2) content of consumption across regions...



The Economics of Energy Security (2014)

A review of the economic issues involved in energy security.




Cursed Resources? Political Conditions and Oil Market Outcomes (with Catherine Wolfram), The Energy Journal (2014)

We analyze how a country’s political institutions affect oil production within its borders. We find...



Does the Indexing of Government Transfers Make Carbon Pricing Progressive? (with Don Fullerton and Garth Heutel), American Journal of Agricultural Economics (2012)

We consider the role of transfer indexing in mitigating the regressivity of carbon pricing in...



Linking Policies When Tastes Differ: Global Climate Policy in a Heterogeneous World (with David Weisbach), Review of Environmental Economics and Policy (2012)

We discuss the mechanics of linking different types of climate change policies and identify areas...



Does the Indexing of Government Transfers Make Carbon Pricing Progressive? (with Don Fullerton and Garth Heutel), American Journal of Agricultural Economics (2011)

We analyze both the uses side and the sources side incidence of domestic climate policy...



An analysis of US greenhouse gas cap-and-trade proposals using a forward-looking economic model (with Angelo Costa Gurgel, Sergey Paltsev, and John Reilly), Environment and Development Economics (2011)

We develop a forward-looking version of the recursive dynamic MIT Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis...




U.S. Energy Tax Policy (2010)

An edited volume on energy and climate policy with contributions by leading researchers in tax,...


Contributions to Books

Distributional Impacts in a Comprehensive Climate Policy Package (with Aparna Mathur and Kevin Hassett), Design and Implementation of U.S. Climate Policy (2012)

The Consumer Burden of a Carbon Tax on Gasoline (with Kevin Hassett and Aparna Mathur), Fuel Taxes and the Poor (2012)

Environmental Taxation: What Have We Learned in This Decade?, Tax Policy Lessons From the 2000s (2009)

Distortions, International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences (2008)


The Distribution of Tax Burdens: Introduction (with Don Fullerton), The Distribution of Tax Burdens (2003)

This paper summarizes important developments in tax incidence analysis over the past forty years. We...


Media and Other Outlets


The Case for the Green Climate Fund (with Matthew Kotchen and Billy Pizer), The Hill (2015)


Senate Finance Committee Testimony on Energy Tax Reform, Senate Committee on Finance (2014)

Testimony presented to the full Committee at a hearing held on September 17, 2014.



On the Rebound: Letter to the Editor, The New Yorker (2011)


Submission on the Use of Carbon Fees To Achieve Fiscal Sustainability in the Federal Budget, Submission to Commission (2010)

The National Commission on Fiscal Responsibility and Reform should consider a carbon fee as an...


Unpublished Papers

Computing Tax Rates for Economic Modeling: A Global Dataset Approach (with Angelo Gurgel, Nicolas Osouf, and John Reilly), MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change Technical Note (2007)