I investigate the difficult area of bibliometric analysis in the social sciences and
humanities interacting with national performance based research funding systems and their
consequences. These among other threads to my research are united by the large databases
of papers or patents at their core. I specialize in science and technology policy as well
as in innovative use of large databases of patents and papers to address questions of
broad interest at the intersection of science and technology, for example why firms
publish research papers. I have also published critiques and reflections on the
methodology of bibliometric analysis. My work has appeared in such journals as: Policy
Sciences, Social Studies of Science, Nature, Research Policy, Science and Public Policy,
Research Evaluation, Research Technology Management, R&D Management, Scientometrics,
Revue Economique Industrielle, Science Technology and Human Values, Industrial and
Corporate Change, Japan Journal for Science, Technology and Society. 

I am Professor in the School of Public Policy, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta
GA, USA, and former chair of the School (2003 to 2013). I obtained my DPhil in Science
and Technology Policy Studies from SPRU, University of Sussex, UK. For almost 10 years I
was on the faculty of SPRU. Between 1998 and 2003 I was the Senior Policy Analyst at CHI
Research, Inc. where I conducted numerous policy analyses for government agencies based
on empirical information in patent and paper databases. My work has been supported by and
has informed policy makers in the U.S., Europe and Japan. I have also taught at the Haas
School of Business at the University of California, Berkeley, SPRU and worked at the
National Institute of Science and Technology Policy (NISTEP) in Tokyo. 

Bibliometrics in the social sciences & humanities

PDF

Reception of Spanish sociology by domestic and foreign audiences differs and has consequences for evaluation (with Carla Lopez Piñeiro), Research Evaluation (2014)

In this paper we compare the reception of Spanish sociology by domestic and international audiences...

 

PDF

The New York Times as a resource for Mode 2 (with Jian Wang), Science Technology and Human Values (2013)

The New York Times receives more citations from academic journals than the American Sociological Review,...

 

Link

One size doesn’t fit all: on the co-evolution of national evaluation systems and social science publishing, Confero (2012)

In recent decades governments have sought greater accountability from those who receive public money. In...

 

PDF

Coverage and overlap of the new social science and humanities journal lists (with Jian Wang), Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology (2011)

This is a study of coverage and overlap in second generation social sciences and humanities...

 

PDF

Towards a Bibliometric Database for the Social Sciences and Humanities (with Jian Wang) (2009)

In the social sciences, humanities or arts it is largely impossible to substantiate statements on...

 

Highly innovative small firms

PDF

Complementary Assets and the Choice of Organizational Governance: Empirical Evidence From a Large Sample of U.S. Technology-Based Firms (with Marco Ceccagnoli), IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management (2013)

Despite the considerable volume of research on technology commercialization, the role of complementary assets in...

 

PDF

Pathways from Discovery to Commercialization: Using Web Sources to Track Small and Medium-sized Enterprise Strategies in Emerging Nanotechnologies (with Jan Youtie, Philip Shapira, and Travis Horsely), Technology and Strategic Management (2012)

There is a growing need for fresh and systematic evidence about company innovation in emerging...

 

PDF

Structural Change and Industrial Classification, Structural Change and Economic Dynamics (2011)

Understanding of structural change is compromised because scholars do not clearly articulate the limits of...

 

Link

A taxonomy of small firm technology commercialization (with Dirk Libaers and Alan porter), Industrial and Corporate Change (2010)

This paper proposes a taxonomy of business models used by small, highly innovative firms focused...

 

Link

Highly Innovative Small Firms in the Markets for Technology (with Deepak Hegde), Research Policy (2005)

Long-lived small firms with a substantial, public record of innovative success are the focus of...

 

Science Policy

PDF

What are Grand Challenges? (2014)

This paper investigates the historical development of the Grand Challenges concept in US science policy....

 

PDF

Narrative visualization of the outcomes of Federal investments in research (2014)

We offer here a narrative visualization entitled: Technology hot spots and the Office of Science...

 

PDF

Detecting structural change in university research systems: A case study of British research policy (with Diana Hicks), Research Evaluation (2013)

The university research environment has been undergoing profound change in recent decades. Aiming at international...

 

PDF

Performance-based university research funding systems, Research Policy (2012)

The university research environment has been undergoing profound change in recent decades and performance-based research...

 

Link

Policy screening by structural change detection: Can policies effectively boost research system performance? (with Jian Wang), Proceedings of 17th International Conference on Science and Technology Indicators (2012)

The university research environment has been undergoing profound change in recent decades. Aiming at international...

 

Research Evaluation

PDF

Narrative visualization of the outcomes of Federal investments in research (2014)

We offer here a narrative visualization entitled: Technology hot spots and the Office of Science...

 

PDF

Detecting structural change in university research systems: A case study of British research policy (with Diana Hicks), Research Evaluation (2013)

The university research environment has been undergoing profound change in recent decades. Aiming at international...

 

PDF

Bibliometrics as a Tool for Research Evaluation (with Julia Melkers), Handbook on the Theory and Practice of Program Evaluation (2012)

Creative use of bibliometric analysis in evaluation offers an unparalleled opportunity to take advantage of...

 

PDF

Evolving Regimes of Multi-university Research Evaluation, Higher Education (2009)

Since 1980, national university departmental ranking exercises have developed in several countries. This paper reviews...

 

PDF

Bibliometric evaluation of federally funded research in the United States, Research Evaluation (2004)

Research evaluation in the USA historically tended to rely more heavily on peer review than...

 

Science and innovation systems

PDF

Narrative visualization of the outcomes of Federal investments in research (2014)

We offer here a narrative visualization entitled: Technology hot spots and the Office of Science...

 

PDF

Detecting structural change in university research systems: A case study of British research policy (with Diana Hicks), Research Evaluation (2013)

The university research environment has been undergoing profound change in recent decades. Aiming at international...

 

Link

The Maturation of Global R&D: Evidence from the activity of U.S. foreign subsidiaries (with Deepak Hegde), Research Policy (2008)

This study empirically investigates the impact of foreign country factors like market size, technological strength...

 

PDF

Global Research Competition Affects Measured U.S. Academic Output, Science and the University (2007)

Between 1992 and 1999, the number of papers published by U.S. academics fell by 9...

 

Link

The Changing Science and Technology Environment, AAAS Science and Technology Policy Yearbook 2002 (2002)

This chapter focuses on three areas. The first area is innovation as a context for...

 

Bibliometric Method

PDF

Narrative visualization of the outcomes of Federal investments in research (2014)

We offer here a narrative visualization entitled: Technology hot spots and the Office of Science...

 

PDF

Detecting structural change in university research systems: A case study of British research policy (with Diana Hicks), Research Evaluation (2013)

The university research environment has been undergoing profound change in recent decades. Aiming at international...

 

PDF

A Boosted-Trees Method for Name Disambiguation (with Jian Wang, Kaspars Berzins, Julia Melkers, Fang Xiao, and Diogo Pinheiro), Scientometrics (2012)

This paper proposes a method for classifying true papers of a set of focal scientists...

 

PDF

Bibliometrics as a Tool for Research Evaluation (with Julia Melkers), Handbook on the Theory and Practice of Program Evaluation (2012)

Creative use of bibliometric analysis in evaluation offers an unparalleled opportunity to take advantage of...