I investigate the difficult area of bibliometric analysis in the social sciences and
humanities interacting with national performance based research funding systems and their
consequences. These among other threads to my research are united by the large databases
of papers or patents at their core. I specialize in science and technology policy as well
as in innovative use of large databases of patents and papers to address questions of
broad interest at the intersection of science and technology, for example why firms
publish research papers. I have also published critiques and reflections on the
methodology of bibliometric analysis. My work has appeared in such journals as: Policy
Sciences, Social Studies of Science, Nature, Research Policy, Science and Public Policy,
Research Evaluation, Research Technology Management, R&D Management, Scientometrics,
Revue Economique Industrielle, Science Technology and Human Values, Industrial and
Corporate Change, Japan Journal for Science, Technology and Society. 

I am Professor in the School of Public Policy, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta
GA, USA, and former chair of the School (2003 to 2013). I obtained my DPhil in Science
and Technology Policy Studies from SPRU, University of Sussex, UK. For almost 10 years I
was on the faculty of SPRU. Between 1998 and 2003 I was the Senior Policy Analyst at CHI
Research, Inc. where I conducted numerous policy analyses for government agencies based
on empirical information in patent and paper databases. My work has been supported by and
has informed policy makers in the U.S., Europe and Japan. I have also taught at the Haas
School of Business at the University of California, Berkeley, SPRU and worked at the
National Institute of Science and Technology Policy (NISTEP) in Tokyo. 

Websites & Media

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Videos (2015)

Narrative visualizations of Leiden Manifesto and Hot Spots in Tracing the Impact of Federal Research

 

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Leiden Manifesto (2015)

Video, translations and commentary related to the Leiden Manifesto for Research Metrics

 

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Grand Challenges: Tracking a topos through US Science Policy (2014)

Saving Humanity: Some to do lists - Noting the affinity between Grand Challenge (GC) efforts...

 

Research Evaluation

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The Leiden Manifesto for Research Metrics (with Paul Wouters, Ludo Waltman, Sarah de Rijcke, and Ismael Rafols), Nature (2015)

Research evaluation has become routine and often relies on metrics. But it is now driven...

 

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Detecting structural change in university research systems: A case study of British research policy (with Diana Hicks), Research Evaluation (2013)

The university research environment has been undergoing profound change in recent decades. Aiming at international...

 

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Bibliometrics as a Tool for Research Evaluation (with Julia Melkers), Handbook on the Theory and Practice of Program Evaluation (2012)

Creative use of bibliometric analysis in evaluation offers an unparalleled opportunity to take advantage of...

 

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Performance-based university research funding systems, Research Policy (2012)

The university research environment has been undergoing profound change in recent decades and performance-based research...

 

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Evolving Regimes of Multi-university Research Evaluation, Higher Education (2009)

Since 1980, national university departmental ranking exercises have developed in several countries. This paper reviews...

 

Bibliometrics in the social sciences & humanities

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Reception of Spanish sociology by domestic and foreign audiences differs and has consequences for evaluation (with Carla Lopez Piñeiro), Research Evaluation (2015)

In this paper we compare the reception of Spanish sociology by domestic and international audiences...

 

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The New York Times as a resource for Mode 2 (with Jian Wang), Science Technology and Human Values (2013)

The New York Times receives more citations from academic journals than the American Sociological Review,...

 

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One size doesn’t fit all: on the co-evolution of national evaluation systems and social science publishing, Confero (2012)

In recent decades governments have sought greater accountability from those who receive public money. In...

 

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Coverage and overlap of the new social science and humanities journal lists (with Jian Wang), Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology (2011)

This is a study of coverage and overlap in second generation social sciences and humanities...

 

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Towards a Bibliometric Database for the Social Sciences and Humanities (with Jian Wang) (2009)

In the social sciences, humanities or arts it is largely impossible to substantiate statements on...

 

Emerging Technology

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What is an Emerging Technology? (with Daniele Rotolo and Ben Martin), SPRU Working Paper Series (2015)

Despite the growing interest around the emergence of novel technologies, especially from the policy-making perspective,...

 

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Pathways from Discovery to Commercialization: Using Web Sources to Track Small and Medium-sized Enterprise Strategies in Emerging Nanotechnologies (with Jan Youtie, Philip Shapira, and Travis Horsely), Technology and Strategic Management (2012)

There is a growing need for fresh and systematic evidence about company innovation in emerging...

 

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Bibliometric Techniques for Monitoring Performance in Technologically Oriented Research: The Case of Integrated Optics (with Ben R. Martin), R&D Management (1986)

This paper outlines a low-cost manual-scanning approach for monitoring national and organizational research performance using...

 

Science Policy

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What are Grand Challenges? (2014)

This paper investigates the historical development of the Grand Challenges concept in US science policy....

 

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Narrative visualization of the outcomes of Federal investments in research (2014)

We offer here a narrative visualization entitled: Technology hot spots and the Office of Science...

 

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Detecting structural change in university research systems: A case study of British research policy (with Diana Hicks), Research Evaluation (2013)

The university research environment has been undergoing profound change in recent decades. Aiming at international...

 

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Policy screening by structural change detection: Can policies effectively boost research system performance? (with Jian Wang), Proceedings of 17th International Conference on Science and Technology Indicators (2012)

The university research environment has been undergoing profound change in recent decades. Aiming at international...

 

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Powerful Numbers or a short reflection on influential analyses in the history of science of science policy (2012)

The quantitative analysis of issues relevant to science policy has a history dating back several...

 

Science and innovation systems

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Detecting structural change in university research systems: A case study of British research policy (with Diana Hicks), Research Evaluation (2013)

The university research environment has been undergoing profound change in recent decades. Aiming at international...

 

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The Maturation of Global R&D: Evidence from the activity of U.S. foreign subsidiaries (with Deepak Hegde), Research Policy (2008)

This study empirically investigates the impact of foreign country factors like market size, technological strength...

 

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Global Research Competition Affects Measured U.S. Academic Output, Science and the University (2007)

Between 1992 and 1999, the number of papers published by U.S. academics fell by 9...

 

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The Changing Science and Technology Environment, AAAS Science and Technology Policy Yearbook 2002 (2002)

This chapter focuses on three areas. The first area is innovation as a context for...

 

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The changing composition of innovative activity in the U.S. - a portrait based on patent analysis (with Tony Breitzman), Research Policy (2001)

In this paper, patent bibliometrics are used to investigate shifts underway in the American innovation...

 

Bibliometric Method

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Detecting structural change in university research systems: A case study of British research policy (with Diana Hicks), Research Evaluation (2013)

The university research environment has been undergoing profound change in recent decades. Aiming at international...

 

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A Boosted-Trees Method for Name Disambiguation (with Jian Wang, Kaspars Berzins, Julia Melkers, Fang Xiao, and Diogo Pinheiro), Scientometrics (2012)

This paper proposes a method for classifying true papers of a set of focal scientists...

 

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Bibliometrics as a Tool for Research Evaluation (with Julia Melkers), Handbook on the Theory and Practice of Program Evaluation (2012)

Creative use of bibliometric analysis in evaluation offers an unparalleled opportunity to take advantage of...

 

Highly innovative small firms

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Complementary Assets and the Choice of Organizational Governance: Empirical Evidence From a Large Sample of U.S. Technology-Based Firms (with Marco Ceccagnoli), IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management (2013)

Despite the considerable volume of research on technology commercialization, the role of complementary assets in...

 

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Structural Change and Industrial Classification, Structural Change and Economic Dynamics (2011)

Understanding of structural change is compromised because scholars do not clearly articulate the limits of...

 

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A taxonomy of small firm technology commercialization (with Dirk Libaers and Alan porter), Industrial and Corporate Change (2010)

This paper proposes a taxonomy of business models used by small, highly innovative firms focused...

 

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Highly Innovative Small Firms in the Markets for Technology (with Deepak Hegde), Research Policy (2005)

Long-lived small firms with a substantial, public record of innovative success are the focus of...

 

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Published papers, tacit competencies and corporate management of the public/private character of knowledge, Industrial and Corporate Change (1995)

This paper focuses on the movement of scientific and technological knowledge. It explores companies' reasons...