- Public Policy,
- Earmarked Fund,
- Treasure-Based Policy Instruments,
- Rural Compulsory Education
The enforcement of public policies is, in reality, a process of choosing policy instruments. Different choices of policy instruments may exercise different impacts on the achievement of the policy targets. The policy instrument based on the governmental financial resources is an administrative resource the government can employ. Take the earmarked fund for rural compulsory education as an example. Examining the use of the financial funds from the perspective of policy instruments and analysing the role played by the treasure-based policy instrument in the implementation of China’s rural compulsory education and the corresponding problems existing in the process may provide a new perspective for considering the development of this rural education.