In a bid to raise the standard of knowledge across the country, provide quality labour force for its economy, as well as to create a social equalizer tool, China implemented major transformations to higher education in 1999. The reforms took place in four aspects: commercialisation, decentralisation, enlargement of enrolment, and introduction of nonstate/ private (NSP or minban) institutions. At the same time China expanded her higher education sector, she saw a huge number of students heading overseas for higher education. Foreigners who are not familiar with Mainland China’s education landscape will attribute this trend to the growing affluence of Chinese. A closer look and deeper understanding of the higher education in China reveals that this phenomenon is also closely related to the higher education reforms in China. Higher education includes university and vocational education. This paper focuses on the university level. Many scholars evaluated the impact of higher education reforms, in particular, the impact on the disadvantaged groups of people. Some scholars argue for higher education reform, citing advantages such as the opening up of university places for those who would otherwise have been denied a place; other scholars argue against the reforms, citing disparity in resource allocation that add on to the woes of the places already lagging behind in economic growth (Yao, Wu, Su & Wang, 2010). This paper synthesizes and reviews literature on two interrelated areas: (a) the trend of Mainland Chinese students heading overseas for university education, and (b) the problems brought about by higher education reforms.
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/zhengjingwei/2/