Social environment and depression among pregnant women in rural areas of Sind, PakistanJournal of the Pakistan Medical Association
AbstractOBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relative power of social relations and social conditions in predicting depression using (CES-D scale) among rural pregnant women belonging to Sind, Pakistan.METHODS: The study was conducted from January 2004 tp December 2004. Both qualitative and quantitative methods were employed. During quantitative phase a total of 375 rural pregnant women were inquired about social conditions, social relations and pregnancy related concerns through a questionnaire based form. Variables were given scores when it applied to a situation of a pregnant woman. Concurrently, in a blind set-up, translated and validated Depression Scale (CES-D) was administered. In multivariate linear regression analysis, relation between scores of social relations and social condition variables with scores of CES-D scale were analyzed.RESULTS: Prevalence of depression among rural pregnant women is high (62%).Social conditions as compared to social relations are more important determinants for depression among rural pregnant women.CONCLUSION: There is a high prevalence of depression in rural areas.
Citation InformationAysha Zahidie, Ambreen Kazi, Zafar Fatmi, Muhammad Tufail Bhatti, et al.. "Social environment and depression among pregnant women in rural areas of Sind, Pakistan" Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association Vol. 61 Iss. 12 (2011) p. 1183 - 9
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