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Article
Neonatal Physical Therapy, Part II: Practice Frameworks and Evidence-Based Practice Guidelines
Pediatric Physical Therapy
  • Jane K. Sweeney
  • Carolyn B. Heriza
  • Yvette Blanchard, Sacred Heart University
Document Type
Peer-Reviewed Article
Publication Date
4-1-2010
Program
Physical Therapy
Disciplines
Abstract
Purpose: (1) To outline frameworks for neonatal physical therapy based on 3 theoretical models, (2) to describe emerging literature supporting neonatal physical therapy practice, and (3) to identify evidence-based practice recommendations. Key Points: Three models are presented as a framework for neonatal practice: (1) dynamic systems theory including synactive theory and the theory of neuronal group selection, (2) the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, and (3) family-centered care. Literature is summarized to support neonatal physical therapists in the areas of examination, developmental care, intervention, and parent education. Practice recommendations are offered with levels of evidence identified. Conclusions: Neonatal physical therapy practice has a theoretical and evidence-based structure, and evidence is emerging for selected clinical procedures. Continued research to expand the science of neonatal physical therapy is critical to elevate the evidence and support practice recommendations.
Comments

Erratum: See Pediatric Physical Therapy: Winter 2010 - Volume 22 - Issue 4 - p 377.

DOI
10.1097/PEP.0b013e3181cdba43
PMID
20142700
Pages
2-16
Citation Information

Sweeney, J.K., Heriza, C. B., & Blanchard, Y. (2010). Neonatal physical therapy, Part II: Practice frameworks and evidence-based practice guidelines. Pediatric Physical Therapy 22(1), 2-16. doi: 10.1097/PEP.0b013e3181cdba43