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About Yuk-Ching Tse-Dinh

Yuk-Ching Tse-Dinh conducted her PhD thesis research in the laboratory of Professor James C. Wang, who discovered the ubiquitous class of enzymes, DNA topoisomerases, as master manipulators of genomes. She identified tyrosine nucleophile as the active site function for the cutting-rejoining of DNA and the formation of the covalent phosphotyrosine linkage in the covalent intermediate formed between topoisomerase enzyme and cleaved DNA. The topoisomerase covalent intermediates, while essential for topoisomerase functions, can also turn into lethal poisons for the cell if trapped by therapeutic drugs or environmental toxins, resulting in DNA lesions and cell death.

Every bacterial pathogen has at least one type IA topoisomerase, providing a target for discovery of new antibiotics to combat multi-drug resistant infections, including MDR and XDR-TB. The study of the structure, mechanism and physiological functions of bacterial topoisomerase I provide the basic foundation for translational application of this enzyme as a novel antibacterial target. Drug discovery research extends to anticancer drugs targeting human DNA topoisomerases. The control of DNA structure by DNA topoisomerases can affect stress response and genomic stability, with implications for bacterial pathogenesis, aging and cancer.

Positions

Present Director, Biomolecular Sciences Institute, Florida International University
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Present Professor, Florida International University Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
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Disciplines



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