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Regulation of cell growth by oxidized LDL.
Free Radical Biology and Medicine (2000)
  • Guy M. Chisolm
  • Yuh-Cherng Chai, John Carroll University

The first reports of the influences of oxidized LDL (oxLDL) on cell function pertained to negative effects on cell growth—growth arrest, injury, and toxicity. Since these studies, it has become apparent that sublethal levels of oxLDL cause some, but not all, cells to proliferate. This review highlights the growth-promoting effects of oxLDL rather than its inhibitory or injurious effects. Smooth muscle cells (SMCs) and monocyte-macrophages proliferate after exposure to oxLDL; endothelial cells do not. Scavenger receptors are involved in the proliferative effects on monocyte-macrophages, whereas the effects of oxLDL on SMCs appear to be receptor independent. Lysophosphatidylcholine (lysoPC), and structurally related lipids are among the growth-promoting constituents of oxLDL. OxLDL exerts at least a part of its effects by inducing expression or causing the release of growth factors. OxLDL (or lysoPC) can cause the release of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) from SMCs; oxLDL (or lysoPC) can induce heparin binding EGF-like growth factor (HB-EGF) synthesis and release from macrophages. An imposing array of changes in cytokine and growth factor expression and/or release can be imposed by oxLDL on a wide variety of cell types. These effects and the studies probing the cell signaling events leading to them are described.

Publication Date
June 15, 2000
Citation Information
Guy M. Chisolm and Yuh-Cherng Chai. "Regulation of cell growth by oxidized LDL." Free Radical Biology and Medicine Vol. 28 Iss. 12 (2000)
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