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神婚中的俗慮 : 論《聊齋誌異》〈竹青〉和〈青蛙神〉
  • Yin Ping, Grace LAU, Lingnan University
Document Type
Journal article
Publication Date
  • 女鳥生殖,
  • 蛙生殖,
  • 齟齬,
  • 禁忌,
  • 成長
<竹青>和<青蛙神>是《聊齋誌異》人神婚故事中,別具特色之作。這兩篇人與異類的神婚故事,揉合鳥神、蛙神崇拜與禁忌等神話元素,帶出神婚中的俗慮如不育、下第挫敗和婚姻齟齬諸問題。<竹青>中女鳥產卵式生殖法、<青蛙神>裏蛙多產式生殖;匪夷所思的神奇生育,就是用來補償不育的大憾,以及滿足時人多子多孫的生殖崇拜心理。除生育問題外,主人公亦透過神婚,將現實問題一一解決。<竹青>中,下第失意的魚客,從共患難式的神婚中,獲取撫平失意的「能量」,重新振作。<青蛙神>一篇,蛙妻與崑生用爭吵不絕,卻能在負面怒氣中內省、自悟。十娘收斂「怒火」,變得和順;崑生亦由少年「怒夫」,變得「老成」,步入人生的成熟階段。神婚中的俗慮,終於得以解決,主人公亦在歷練的過程中獲得成長。這兩篇人神婚作品,不只扣連人境與「他界」,更觸及現實婚姻中的憂慮及癥結問題,因而有別一般只側重愛情描繪的同類作品。 “Zhuqing”(竹青) and “Frog God”(蛙神) of Liaozhai Zhiyi reflect different personal and marital problems such as having no posterity, failure in the examination and marital disharmony. The Bird-Goddess of “Zhuqing” gives birth to two sons to solve the problem of male-heirs. Bird-breeding can be viewed as a kind of “compensation” for the miserable family without posterity. As for the Frog-Goddess in “Frog God”, frog-breeding turns the family into a big family which satisfies the people’s desire of having more male heirs. Besides the problem of male-heirs, characters of “Zhuqing” and “Frog God” have to face the difficult paths of growth. In “Zhuqing”, Yu-ke manages to overcome his remorse of failure in the Civil Services Examination via sacred marriage. As in “Frog God”, both the male protagonist and the Frog-Goddess grow into maturity via the marital discord. “Zhuqing” and “Frog God” reflect realistic problems in the marital relationship instead of purely romantic love that makes them outstanding among the sacred-profane love fiction.
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Citation Information
劉燕萍 (2007)。神婚中的俗慮: 論《聊齋誌異》〈竹青〉和〈青蛙神〉。《淡江人文社會學刊》,29,1-38。