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Controlling Acrylamide in French Fry and Potato Chip Models and a Mathmatical Model of Acrylamide Formation
Chemistry and Safety of Acrylamide in Food (2005)
  • Yeonhwa Park, University of Massachusetts - Amherst
  • H. Yang
  • J. M Storkson
  • K. J Albright
  • W. Liu
  • R. C Lindsey
  • M. W Pariza
We previously reported that in potato chip and French fry models, the formation of acrylamide can be reduced by controlling pH during processing steps, either by organic (acidulants) or inorganic acids. Use of phytate, a naturally occurring chelator, with or without Ca++ (or divalent ions), can reduce acrylamide formation in both models. However, since phytate itself is acidic, the question remains as to whether the effect of phytate is due to pH alone or to additional effects. In the French fry model, the effects on acrylamide formation of pH, phytate, and/or Ca++ in various combinations were tested in either blanching or soaking (after blanching) steps. All treatments significantly reduced acrylamide levels compared to control. Among variables tested, pH may be the single most important factor for reducing acrylamide levels, while there were independent effects of phytate and/or Ca++ in this French fry model. We also developed a mathematical formula to estimate the final concentration of acrylamide in a potato chip model, using variables that can affect acrylamide formation: glucose and asparagine concentrations, cut potato surface area and shape, cooking temperature and time, and other processing conditions.
Publication Date
m. Friedman and D.S Mottram
Citation Information
Yeonhwa Park, H. Yang, J. M Storkson, K. J Albright, et al.. "Controlling Acrylamide in French Fry and Potato Chip Models and a Mathmatical Model of Acrylamide Formation" New YorkChemistry and Safety of Acrylamide in Food (2005)
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