Trans-10,cis-12 Conjugated Linoleic Acid Reduces Triglyceride Content While Differentially Affecting Peroxisome Proliferator Activated Receptor α 2 and aP2 Expression in 3T3-L1 PreadipocytesLipids (2001)
AbstractA series of experiments was conducted using 3T3-L1 preadipocytes as the cell model to determine: (i) whether the triglyceride (TG)-lowering effects of a crude mixture of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers were due to a specific isomer of CLA and the timing of treatment, (ii) if CLA reduced TG content by inhibiting a key regulator of adipogenesis, (iii) if CLA incorporated into either neutral lipid or phospholipid cell fractions, and (iv) whether the effects of CLA treatment were reversible. Trans-10,cis-12 CLA reduced TG content, whereas the cis-9,trans-11 isomer increased TG content compared to vehicle [bovine serum albumin (BSA)] controls. Treatment with 50 microM trans-10,cis-12 CLA during the entire 6 d of differentiation reduced TG content to a greater extent than treatment during either the first 3 d or last 3 d of differentiation. Trans-10,cis-12 CLA treatment of preadipocyte cultures for 48 h increased peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma2 (PPARgamma2) protein expression compared to cultures treated with linoleic acid (LA) or the BSA controls. CLA had no effect on adipose P2 (aP2), a fatty acid-binding protein regulated by PPARgamma2. Both the cis-9,trans-11 and the trans-10,cis-12 isomers of CLA were incorporated into neutral lipids and phospholipids. However, cis-9,trans-11 CLA levels were one- to twofold higher than trans-10,cis-12 CLA levels. Moreover, trans-10,cis-12 CLA treatment reduced cis-11 18:1 concentrations in both neutral lipids and phospholipids while increasing cis-9 18:1 and 18:2 concentrations. Palmitoleic acid (16:1) levels were also lower in the neutral lipid fraction of cultures treated with trans-10,cis-12 CLA. Supplementing trans-10,cis-12 CLA-treated cultures (50 microM) with increasing levels of LA resulted in a dose-dependent increase in TG content compared to cultures treated with 50 microM CLA alone. LA supplementation also prevented some of the morphological changes associated with trans-10,cis-12 CLA treatment as seen with scanning electron microscopy. Treatment with 50 microM trans-10,cis-12 CLA for 6 d decreased PPARgamma2 levels, and supplementation of CLA-treated cultures with LA increased PPARgamma2 levels compared with cultures treated with CLA alone. Taken together, these data indicate that in cultures of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes: (i) trans-10,cis-12 CLA is the TG-lowering isomer of CLA, and its effects are dependent on dose, duration of treatment, and the amount of LA in the cultures; (ii) trans-10,cis-12 CLA treatment alters the monounsaturated fatty acid profile of neutral- and phospholipids of the cultures; and (iii) although acute (2-d) trans-10,cis-12 CLA treatment increased PPARgamma2 protein levels, chronic (6-d) treatment decreased PPARgamma2 levels.
Citation InformationYeonhwa Park, M. Evans, M. Pariza, L. Curtis, et al.. "Trans-10,cis-12 Conjugated Linoleic Acid Reduces Triglyceride Content While Differentially Affecting Peroxisome Proliferator Activated Receptor α 2 and aP2 Expression in 3T3-L1 Preadipocytes" Lipids (2001)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/yeonhwa_park/41/