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Article
Structure Evolution and Dielectric Behavior of Polystyrene-Capped Barium Titanate Nanoparticles
Journal of Materials Chemistry
  • H.Z. Guo, Iowa State University
  • Yaroslav Mudryk, Iowa State University
  • M.I. Ahmad, Iowa State University
  • X.C. Pang, Iowa State University
  • L. Zhao, Iowa State University
  • M. Akinc, Iowa State University
  • Vitalij K. Pecharsky, Iowa State University
  • Nicola Bowler, Iowa State University
  • Z.Q. Lin, Iowa State University
  • Xiaoli Tan, Iowa State University
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
1-1-2012
DOI
10.1039/c2jm35600g
Abstract
Polystyrene-capped barium titanate (BaTiO3) nanoparticles with sizes of 11 nm and 27 nm were prepared using amphiphilic star-like diblock copolymer templates. The crystal structure evolution of these nanoparticles over a wide temperature range (10-428 K) was investigated by powder X-ray diffraction. The Rietveld refinement indicates that the abrupt structural transitions observed in micron-sized powders become broad as particle size is reduced to a few tens of nanometers. The orthorhombic phase (Amm2) is observed in the range of 10-388 K, coexisting with the rhombohedral phase (R3c) at lower temperatures and with the tetragonal phase (P4mm) at higher temperatures. At room temperature (300 K), polystyrene-capped BaTiO3 nanoparticles, both 11 and 27 nm sizes, primarily adopt the tetragonal phase, transforming to the cubic phase ( Pm3m) at 398 K during heating. The phase evolution of the nanoparticles correlates well with their dielectric behavior. With the Landauer-Bruggeman effective approximation, the dielectric properties at room temperature for the BaTiO3 core were calculated and the results are in agreement with the size effect of BaTiO3 nanocrystals.
Comments

This is a manuscript of an article from Journal of Materials Chemistry 22, 23944-23951 (2012). DOI: 10.1039/c2jm35600g. Posted with permission.

Copyright Owner
Guo, et al.
Language
en
File Format
application/pdf
Citation Information
H.Z. Guo, Yaroslav Mudryk, M.I. Ahmad, X.C. Pang, et al.. "Structure Evolution and Dielectric Behavior of Polystyrene-Capped Barium Titanate Nanoparticles" Journal of Materials Chemistry Vol. 22 (2012) p. 23944 - 23951
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/xiaoli_tan/61/