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Temperature dependence of piezoelectric properties of high-TC Bi(Mg1/2Ti1/2)O3–PbTiO3
Journal of Applied Physics
  • Jun Chen, Technische Universität Darmstadt
  • Xiaoli Tan, Iowa State University
  • Wook Jo, Technische Universität Darmstadt
  • Jürgen Rödel, Technische Universität Darmstadt
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The temperature dependence of both polarization and electric-field induced strain was investigated for (1−x)Bi(Mg1/2Ti1/2)O3–xPbTiO3 (x=0.36, 0.37, and 0.38), with the morphotropic phase boundary located at x=0.37. Remanent polarization(Pr) and maximum polarization(Pmax) of all compositions are enhanced with increasing temperature up to 175 °C, which is rationalized as improved domain switching due to reduced tetragonality(c/a). The hysteresis during unipolar electric cycling tends to decrease with increase in the fraction of tetragonal phase. Temperature dependent x-ray diffraction demonstrates that switched non-180° domains are stable against thermal depoling above 200 °C, which indicates that the currently investigated materials are suitable for high temperature applications. This promising high-TCpiezoelectric is further discussed with reference to oxygen octahedron of the tilted R3c and untilted R3m space groups and the tolerance factor (t).

The following article appeared in Journal of Applied Physics 106 (2009): 034109 and may be found at

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American Institute of Physics
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Jun Chen, Xiaoli Tan, Wook Jo and Jürgen Rödel. "Temperature dependence of piezoelectric properties of high-TC Bi(Mg1/2Ti1/2)O3–PbTiO3" Journal of Applied Physics Vol. 106 Iss. 3 (2009) - 034109
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