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Article
Improving the health and education of elementary schoolchildren in rural China : iron supplementation versus nutritional training for parents
Journal of Development Studies
  • Ho Lun, Alex WONG, Lingnan University, Hong Kong
  • Yaojiang SHI, Xibei University, China
  • Renfu LUO, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • Linxiu ZHANG, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • Scott ROZELLE, Stanford University, United States
Document Type
Journal article
Publication Date
5-1-2014
Abstract
We report on the results of a randomised controlled trial conducted among over 2,000 children in 60 elementary schools in rural Shaanxi Province, North-west China. We find that providing children with daily iron supplements for six months improved children’s haemoglobin levels and standardised maths scores. In comparison, educating parents about nutrition and anaemia in a special parents meeting produced a modest impact on children’s haemoglobin levels. We also find heterogeneous intervention effects by children’s gender, anaemia status and boarding status. Overall, iron supplementation is more effective. However, given its low cost and simple implementation, parental education should still be considered.
DOI
10.1080/00220388.2013.866223
E-ISSN
17439140
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Citation Information
Wong, H. L., Shi, Y., Luo, R., Zhang, L., & Rozelle, S. (2014). Improving the health and education of elementary schoolchildren in rural China : iron supplementation versus nutritional training for parents. Journal of Development Studies, 50(4), 502-519. doi: 10.1080/00220388.2013.866223