Contribution to Book
Chapter 11: Possession, ownership, probate; market and non-market economies; antitrust; cultural property and heritage of mankind (the anthropogy of distributive justice)Law and Anthropology - Outlines, Issues, Suggestions (2008)
AbstractInclusive online updates jan10. Chapter 11 on ownership discusses, next to a brief introduction to the essentials of the field, aspects of anthropological respect for the environment and of other collective goods as well as the anthropology behind the protection of traditional knowledge and cultural heritage..These rather recent additions to traditional anthropological discourse are examined, using the relationship between preservation of nature and preservation of culture as general frame. In an interesting comparison Elena Bonner, the spouse of Andrej Sacharow, remarked that Marxism had a stronger desorienting and mind-destroying force than National Socialism. As brutal, extortionate, and deadly as the latter was, it leaves the institution of property untouched. Marxism, however, deprives people of property as an institutional backing, thus changing personalities into different beings and producing a type of humans devoid of identity, rights, and dignity, respect for others, respect for oneself, and the ability to act. Similarly, Dan Diner observed that in the Osman Empire generals, ministers, and other high nobles and dignitaries, while holding considerable power, never owned sizeable fortunes of their own, for example agricultural estates. They thus never filled the position of a feudal lord of the European Frankish pledge-of-faith system under the king. Diner concludes that, in the Osman Empire, there was no governmental intermediary class able to, on the one hand, become a political threat to the Sultan, and on the other, serve as a stabilizing factor of existing rights and duties in times of unrest and instability.
- possession? property
PublisherBayerische Akademie der Wissenschaften, C.H. Beck in Kommission
Citation InformationWolfgang Fikentscher. "Chapter 11: Possession, ownership, probate; market and non-market economies; antitrust; cultural property and heritage of mankind (the anthropogy of distributive justice)" MunichLaw and Anthropology - Outlines, Issues, Suggestions (2008)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/wolfgang_fikentscher/11/