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Iron deficiency anaemia in children of a peri-urban health facility
East African Medical Journal
  • Florence V. Murila, University of Nairobi
  • William Macharia, Aga Khan University
  • Ezekiel Wafula, University of Nairobi
Publication Date
Document Type
Objective: To ascertain the prevalence of iron deficiency anaemia(IDA) and its risk factors. Design: A cross -sectional survey. Setting: A peri-urban health centre in Nairobi, Kenya. Subjects: Four hundred and three children, aged six months to six years. Intervention: Demographic data were obtained and each child examined for signs of iron deficiency anaemia. Blood was drawn for haemoglobin determination. Main outcome measure: The diagnosis of iron deficiency anaemia was made using a pre-defined criteria. Results: Iron deficiency anaemia had a prevalence of 7.4% (95% CI=4.8-10.0) and was predominantly mild (93.6%). Age was found to be significantly associated with iron deficiency anaemia with a prevalence of (14.6%) in infants. No association was found between IDA and sex, birthweight, weaning age and weaning diet, sanitation, water source or mother's education. Conclusion: The prevalence of iron deficiency anaemia in this health facility was relatively low and was predominantly mild.
Citation Information
Florence V. Murila, William Macharia and Ezekiel Wafula. "Iron deficiency anaemia in children of a peri-urban health facility" East African Medical Journal Vol. 76 Iss. 9 (1999) p. 520 - 523
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