To assist in optimizing a mixed-physics ensemble for warm season mesoscale convective system rainfall forecasting, the impact of various physical schemes as well as their interactions on rainfall when different initializations were used has been investigated. For this purpose, high-resolution Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model simulations of eight International H2O Project events were performed. For each case, three different treatments of convection, three different microphysical schemes, and two different planetary boundary layer (PBL) schemes were used. All cases were initialized with both Local Analyses and Prediction System (LAPS) "hot" start analyses and 40-km Eta Model analyses. To evaluate the impacts of the variation of two different physical schemes and their interaction on the simulated rainfall under the two different initial conditions, the factor separation method was used. The sensitivity to the use of various physical schemes and their interactions was found to be dependent on the initialization dataset. Runs initialized with Eta analyses appeared to be influenced by the use of the Betts-Miller-JanjiÄ‡ scheme in that model's assimilation system, which tended to reduce the WRF's sensitivity to changes in the microphysical scheme compared with that present when LAPS analyses were used for initialization. In addition, differences in initialized thermodynamics resulted in changes in sensitivity to PBL and convective schemes. With both initialization datasets, the greatest sensitivity to the simulated rain rate was due to changes in the convective scheme. However, for rain volume, substantial sensitivity was present due to changes in both the physical parameterizations and the initial datasets.
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/william_gallus/11/