Visceral arterial injuries account for a small but important portion of major abdominal vascular trauma. A case of proximal superior mesenteric artery trauma is presented. The advantages and drawbacks of the surgical approaches to these injuries are discussed. On the basis of a review of the literature describing the management of these injuries, ligation of the proximal superior mesenteric artery for trauma cannot be recommended. Prompt surgical intervention with revascularization offers the best chance for the survival of these critically injured patients.
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