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Article
Partitioning of gold in young calc-alkalic volcanic rocks from Guatemala
The Journal of Geology
  • T. J. Bornhorst, Michigan Technological University
  • William I. Rose, Michigan Technological University
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
5-1-1986
Abstract
Gold analyses of whole rock, mineral, and groundmass of seven calc-alkalic volcanic rocks (basalt to rhyolite) show that gold is less abundant in the dominant phenocrystic phases than in the whole rock; groundmass concentrations are also lower than whole rock. Crystal-liquid partition coefficients are <1 for plagioclase and hornblende, and about 1 for olivine, pyroxene, magnetite, and biotite. If only the principal phases are considered, the bulk gold partition coefficient is typically <1, yet gold seems to be depleted rather than enriched in many evolved magmas. A significant proportion of gold in these rocks is in neither the groundmass nor the dominant phenocrysts but instead is contained in tiny sulflde blebs that are found in these rocks. During crystallization the continual separation of a sulflde phase that concentrates gold is consistent with compatible gold behavior and petrography. Further data is needed to evaluate this hypothesis.
Publisher's Statement

Publisher's version of record: https://doi.org/10.1086/629039

Citation Information
T. J. Bornhorst and William I. Rose. "Partitioning of gold in young calc-alkalic volcanic rocks from Guatemala" The Journal of Geology Vol. 94 Iss. 3 (1986) p. 412 - 418
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/william-rose/106/