Diagnosis and Attribution of a Seasonal Precipitation Deficit in a U.S. Regional Climate SimulationJournal of Hydrometeorology
Publication VersionPublished Version
AbstractPrecipitation from a 10-yr regional climate simulation is evaluated using three complementary analyses: self-organizing maps, bias scores, and arithmetic bias. Collectively, the three reveal a precipitation deficit in the south-central United States that emerges in September and lingers through February. Deficient precipitation for this region and time of year is also evident in other simulations, indicating a generic problem in climate simulation. Analysis of terrestrial and atmospheric water balances shows that the 10-yr average precipitation error for the region results primarily from a deficit in horizontal water vapor convergence. However, the 10-yr average for fall only suggests that the primary contributor is a deficit in evapotranspiration. Evaluation of simulated temperature and soil moisture suggests the model has insufficient terrestrial water for evaporation during fall. Results for winter are mixed; errors in both evapotranspiration and lateral moisture convergence may contribute substantially to the precipitation deficit. The model reproduces well both the time-average and time-filtered large-scale circulation, implying that the moisture convergence error arises from an error in simulating mesoscale circulation.
Copyright OwnerAmerican Meteorological Society
Citation InformationWilliam J. Gutowski, Francis O. Otieno, Raymond W. Arritt, Eugene S. Takle, et al.. "Diagnosis and Attribution of a Seasonal Precipitation Deficit in a U.S. Regional Climate Simulation" Journal of Hydrometeorology Vol. 5 Iss. 1 (2004) p. 230 - 242
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/william-gutowski/39/