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Farmer’s observation on climate change impacts on maize (Zea mays) production in a selected agro-ecological zone in Ghana
Research Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Management
  • Nama Ama Browne Klutse, Ghana Atomic Energy Commission
  • Kwadwo Owusu, University of Ghana
  • David Cudjoe Adukpo, University of Cape Coast
  • Francis Nkrumah, University of Cape Coast
  • Kwesi Quagraine, University of Cape Coast
  • Alfred Owusu, University of Cape Coast
  • William J. Gutowski, Iowa State University
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
12-1-2013
Abstract
Although maize farmers may not have a clear understanding of climate change, they live close to natural resources and are among the first in perceiving and reacting to environmental changes. They have observed and felt the effects of decreasing rainfall, emphasizing changes in the regularity, length, intensity and timing of rainfall; increasing air temperature, increasing sunshine intensity and seasonal changes in rainfall pattern which is affecting their farming practices. Moreover, farmers are also aware of the interacting effect between bad management practices and changes in climate. For instance, deforestation and clearing of riparian vegetation is considered a major factor increasing soil erosion; the use of agricultural chemicals close to the rivers and streams create hazards for the environment. The study indicates that changes in the onset and cessation of rain have negative impact on maize production and this pose a serious threat to household food security since maize is the staple food of most Ghanaians. Consequently, effective and efficient adaptation and mitigation measures should be promoted to prepare stakeholders in maize production systems to enhance their resilience and flexibility.
Comments

This article is from Research Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Management 2 (2013): 394–402. Posted with permission.

Rights
This article is published under a CC-BY 2.0 license.
Copyright Owner
The authors
Language
en
File Format
application/pdf
Citation Information
Nama Ama Browne Klutse, Kwadwo Owusu, David Cudjoe Adukpo, Francis Nkrumah, et al.. "Farmer’s observation on climate change impacts on maize (Zea mays) production in a selected agro-ecological zone in Ghana" Research Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Management Vol. 2 Iss. 12 (2013) p. 394 - 402
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/william-gutowski/13/