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Modeling Intracranial Fluid Flows and Volumes During Traumatic Brain Injury to Better Understand Pressure Dynamics
Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 2003. Proceedings of the 25th Annual International Conference of the IEEE (2003)
  • Wayne W. Wakeland, Portland State University
  • James McNames, Portland State University
  • Mateo Aboy, Portland State University
  • D. Hollemon, Oregon Health & Science University
Abstract
We describe a computer model of intracranial pressure (ICP) dynamics that evaluates clinical treatment options for elevated ICP during traumatic brain injury (TBI). The model uses fluid volumes as primary state variables and explicitly models fluid flows as well as the resistance, compliance, and pressureassociated with each intra- and extracranial compartment (arteries and arterioles, capillary bed, veins, venous sinus, ventricles, and brain parenchyma). The model evaluates clinical events and therapies such as intraand extra-parenchymal hemorrhage, cerebral edema, cerebrospinal fluid drainage, mannitol administration, head elevation, and mild hyperventilation. The model is able to replicate observed clinical behavior in many cases, including elevated ICP associated with severe cerebral edema following subdural, epidural, or intraparenchymal hematoma. The model also mimics cerebrovascular regulatory mechanisms that are activated during TBI.
Keywords
  • Intracranial pressure,
  • Biology -- Research,
  • Brain Concussion
Disciplines
Publication Date
2003
Citation Information
Wayne W. Wakeland, James McNames, Mateo Aboy and D. Hollemon. "Modeling Intracranial Fluid Flows and Volumes During Traumatic Brain Injury to Better Understand Pressure Dynamics" Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 2003. Proceedings of the 25th Annual International Conference of the IEEE (2003) p. 402 - 405
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/wayne_wakeland/67/