A multi-Debye relaxation model that is based upon the Boltzmann superposition principle has been used to determine the frequency-dispersion behavior of Pb(Mg1/3-Nb2/3)O3 (PMN) and Pb0.88La0.08(Zr0.65Ti0.35)O3 (PLZT 8/65/35) relaxor ferroelectrics. For PMN, relaxation times on the order of seconds contribute to the dispersive character of the dielectric properties. A defect-relaxation mechanism that involves Mg cation hopping in a structure that is composed of interpenetrating 〈111〉 chains of ordered Pb(Mg1/2Nb1/2)O3 is proposed for PMN. Motion of the Mg cations results in destruction and reconstruction of these ordered chains, which contributes to the dispersive character of PMN.
- Dielectric Relaxation,
- Lead Compounds,
- Mathematical Models
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/wayne-huebner/38/