Skip to main content
Mixed Electron Emission from Doped Pb(Zr,Ti)O₃ Ceramics: Microstructural Aspects
Journal of Applied Physics
  • Weiming Zhang
  • Wayne Huebner, Missouri University of Science and Technology
A mixed type electron emission, i.e., simultaneous ferroelectric and plasma emission, was observed with a negative driving pulse applied to doped Pb(Zr,Ti)O3 ceramics in the absence of any external potential on the electron collector. During these emission studies, significant microstructural changes on the emission surface were observed, and corresponded to the different emission modes. Erosion craters at the edge of the electrode and small particles near these craters reflected the formation of a dense plasma there. Comparatively, cavities, i.e., grain pullouts, accumulated on the bare ferroelectric surface, the frequency of which depended upon its distance from the grid. This phenomenon is proposed to be a result of fringing fields and the associated strain energy due to 90° domain switching, which could be seen as an evidence that ferroelectric emission occurred in these areas. © 1998 American Institute of Physics.
Materials Science and Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
  • Electric Domains,
  • Ceramics,
  • Microstructure,
  • PZT,
  • Electron Emission,
  • Doped Materials,
  • Lead Oxides,
  • Zirconium Oxides,
  • Titanium Oxides,
  • Ferroelctric Materials
Document Type
Article - Journal
Document Version
File Type
© 1998 American Institute of Physics (AIP), All rights reserved.
Publication Date
Citation Information
Weiming Zhang and Wayne Huebner. "Mixed Electron Emission from Doped Pb(Zr,Ti)O₃ Ceramics: Microstructural Aspects" Journal of Applied Physics (1998)
Available at: