The use of computers to either directly or indirectly store evidence by criminals has become more prevalent as society has become increasingly computerized. It is now routine to find calendars, e-mails, financial account information, detailed plans of crimes, and other artifacts that can be used as evidence in a criminal case stored on a computer's hard drive. Computer forensics is rapidly becoming an essential part of the investigative process, at both local law enforcement levels and federal levels. It is estimated that half of all federal criminal cases require a computer forensics examination. This chapter will address the identification, extraction, and presentation of evidence from electronic media as it is typically performed within law enforcement agencies, describe the current state of the practice, as well as discuss opportunities for new technologies.
- Internet -- Security measures,
- Information technology -- Security measures
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