Short- and long-term outcomes of third liver transplantation at single centreHepatology International (2013)
Purpose Although three or more liver transplantation (LT)s in the same patient arouse not only medical but also ethical issues in the context of organ shortage, it is a fact that additional liver retransplantation (reLT) is the only lifesaving treatment option for those with graft failure after a second LT. However, little is known regarding the risks and benefits associated with a third LT. Methods We analyzed fifteen cases of third LT and 48 of second LT performed between January 2000 and December 2010. Clinical outcomes were compared with those of second LT cases performed during the same period. Results Model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) scores at transplant was similar between the two groups. As for surgical aspects, there was no significant difference in operative time or number of units of red blood cells transfused during the transplant procedures between the groups. Patient and graft survival after the third LT at 1, 3, and 10 years were 66.7, 51.9, and 44.4 %, and 66.7, 51.9, and 29.6 %, respectively. There was no significant difference in patient or graft survival between the groups. However, graft loss within 3 months after the third LT was significantly higher than that of second LT patients. Conclusion Third LT cases showed acceptable short- and long-term outcomes that were not significantly inferior to those of a second LT. Careful patient care especially in the early phase after a third LT may be essential to improve the outcome.
- liver transplantation; repeat transplantation
Publication DateJune, 2013
Citation InformationHideyi Tanaka, Mamoun Al Basheer, Jeffrey Shum, Michael Bloch, et al.. "Short- and long-term outcomes of third liver transplantation at single centre" Hepatology International Vol. 7 Iss. 2 (2013) p. 728 - 733
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/vivianmcalister/226/