A new frontier of diversity-related research sheds light on conceptions of diversity and their theoretical and practical implications. We examine this work in five sections. In the first section, we focus on conceptions of what diversity is. Here our review of the literature suggests that the term’s slipperiness and ambiguity make it particularly susceptible to manipulation, especially when individuals are motivated to do so. In the second section, we highlight who is associated with diversity and potential consequences of these associations, again suggesting the ease of shifting representations. In the third section, we review literature on conceptions of what to do with diversity. Here, we focus on common approaches to diversity, including multiculturalism and color- blindness, and again examine evidence for motivated cognition. Our fourth section highlights perceptions of the consequences of addressing diversity, such as perceptions of discrimination, which often depend on individuals’ vantage points. Our fifth and final section examines applications and solutions in law, organizations, and education.
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/victoria_plaut/33/