The Niger is an international river. Its course traverses five West African states while its basin encapsulates a total of nine nations. Historically, international rivers have being the subject of both conflict and cooperation among nations of the world. Fresh Water being a most important but ironically very scarce resource, it isn’t hard then to appreciate why this is so. Water wars have brewed and water treaties have also been made. The international community has over time sought within the ambit of international law to define not just entitlement to water use but also the regulation of mode of use. The Niger has been part of all of these developments since antiquity. This paper examines the principles, concepts and trend of International water law; with particular regard given to the regulation of the River Niger by application of identified principles of international law. CHAPTER ONE deals with the physiography and history of the River Niger. CHAPTER TWO is a brief expose on international fluvial law; its history, principles and application. CHAPTER THREE identifies the various international treaties which have been applied in regulation of the river Niger over the years.
CHAPTER FOUR highlights how the principles of international fluvial law have been applied various treaties relating to the River Niger.
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/victor_onyegbado/1/