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Policy Dilemmas in Urban Education: Addressing the Needs of Poor, At-risk Children
Articles and Chapters
  • Jeffrey A Raffel, University of Delaware
  • William Lowe Boyd, Pennsylvania State University, University Park
  • Vernon M Briggs, Cornell University
  • Eugene E Eubanks, University of Missouri, Kansas City
  • Roberto Fernandez, Northwestern University
Publication Date
1-1-1992
Abstract

The changing demographic face of the nation's cities has placed tremendous burdens on urban schools. No consensus on solving the problems of urban education exists. Successful policy alternatives should be: (1) comprehensive {i.e., deal with urban problems beyond education, such as health status and poverty), (2) supported by adequate resources, (3) universal and targeted (i.e., focused on children), (4) value-based (i.e., promoting the value of education), (5) community-based, and (6) research-based. Policy alternatives that will improve urban education include those that (1) reaffirm programs that work (i.e., Head Start), (2) reallocate resources to students in need (e.g., state equalization), (3) restructure the school workplace (e.g., choice /market alternatives and school restructuring), and (4) relink the schools to society (e.g., accelerated schools). Where the nation will get the political and economic will to improve urban schools and the condition of children in the United States is not now apparent.

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Suggested Citation
Raffel, J. A., Boyd, W. L., Briggs, V. M., Jr., Eubanks, E. E., & Fernandez, R. (1992). Policy dilemmas in urban education: Addressing the needs of poor, at-risk children. Retrieved [insert date] from Cornell University, ILR School site:
http://digitalcommons.ilr.cornell.edu/articles/197/

Required Publisher Statement
Copyright by Blackwell. Final paper published as: Raffel, J. A., Boyd, W. L., Briggs, V. M., Jr., Eubanks, E. E., & Fernandez, R. (1992). Policy dilemmas in urban education: Addressing the needs of poor, at-risk children. Journal of Urban Affairs, 14(3/4), 263-290.

Citation Information
Jeffrey A Raffel, William Lowe Boyd, Vernon M Briggs, Eugene E Eubanks, et al.. "Policy Dilemmas in Urban Education: Addressing the Needs of Poor, At-risk Children" (1992)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/vernon_briggs/173/