Various phenomena (fracture, phase transformations, and chemical reactions) studied under extreme pressures in diamond anvil cell are strongly affected by fields of all components of stress and plastic strain tensors. However, they could not be measured. Here, we suggest a coupled experimental−theoretical−computational approach that allowed us (using published experimental data) to refine, calibrate, and verify models for elastoplastic behavior and contact friction for tungsten (W) and diamond up to 400 GPa and reconstruct fields of all components of stress and large plastic strain tensors in W and diamond. Despite the generally accepted strain-induced anisotropy, strain hardening, and path-dependent plasticity, here we showed that W after large plastic strains behaves as isotropic and perfectly plastic with path-independent surface of perfect plasticity. Moreover, scale-independence of elastoplastic properties is found even for such large field gradients. Obtained results open opportunities for quantitative extreme stress science and reaching record high pressures.
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/valery_levitas/114/