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Article
Lifestyle and Behavioral Interventions to Reduce the Risk of Metabolic Syndrome in Community-Dwelling Adults With Serious Mental Illness
Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services (2016)
  • Lauren Richards
  • Catherine L. Batscha
  • Valerie Lander McCarthy, University of Louisville
Abstract
Adults with mental illness are at increased risk of being diagnosed with metabolic syndrome and consequently cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and stroke. The current article explores community-based interventions to decrease the risk of metabolic syndrome by changing health behaviors among adults with serious mental illness (SMI). Ovid Medline, PsycINFO, and CINAHL were searched for nonpharmacological studies of behavioral or lifestyle interventions addressing risk of metabolic syndrome among adults with SMI. Thirteen studies, seven with statistically significant results, were included in the review. Despite the well-known risks of metabolic syndrome, the majority of available studies had small samples with insufficient power. There was little consistency in methods or outcome measures. Studies that were client-directed and involved peer and staff support appeared most useful in changing health behaviors and improving quality of life. Further research is needed to guide nursing practice in implementing effective methods to reduce the risk of metabolic syndrome in community-dwelling adults with SMI.
Keywords
  • Metabolic syndrome X,
  • risk factors,
  • mental disorders,
  • lifestyle
Publication Date
January, 2016
DOI
10.3928/02793695-20151109-02
Citation Information
Lauren Richards, Catherine L. Batscha and Valerie Lander McCarthy. "Lifestyle and Behavioral Interventions to Reduce the Risk of Metabolic Syndrome in Community-Dwelling Adults With Serious Mental Illness" Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services Vol. 54 Iss. 1 (2016) p. 46 - 55 ISSN: 1938-2413
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/valerie-mccarthy/3/