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Effect of purified llama ovulation-inducing factor (OIF) on ovarian function in cattle
Theriogenology (2012)
  • Valeria M Tanco, University of Tennessee, Knoxville
  • M D van Steelandt
  • M H Ratto
  • G P Adams
Two experiments were designed to determine the effect of purified ovulation inducing factor (OIF) on ovarian function in cattle. In Experiment 1, prepubertal heifers (n = 11 per group) were treated on Day 5 (Day 0 = day of follicular wave emergence) of the follicular wave with an intramuscular dose of saline (1 mL), GnRH (100 μg), or purified OIF (1 mg/100 kg body weight). Ovulation occurred in 9/11 heifers treated with GnRH, and 1/11 heifers in each of the OIF- and saline-treated groups (P < 0.05). Compared to saline-treated controls, OIF treatment was associated with a smaller dominant follicle diameter (P < 0.01), a rise in plasma FSH concentration (P < 0.1), and earlier emergence of the next follicular wave (P < 0.05). In Experiment 2, sexually mature heifers were given either GnRH or purified OIF on Days 3, 6 or 9 of the first follicular wave (i.e., early growing, early static, or late static phase of the dominant follicle; n = 5 per group per day), or were untreated (n = 10). In heifers treated with OIF on Day 6, the dominant follicle diameter profile tended to be smaller than in controls, and was associated with a rise (P < 0.05) in plasma FSH concentrations. A similar rise in FSH was detected after OIF treatment on Day 9. Compared to untreated controls, treatment with OIF and GnRH was associated with a larger CL diameter (Days 3 and 6 groups; P < 0.05) and a greater concentration of plasma progesterone (Days 6 and 9 groups; P < 0.05). Treatment with purified OIF did not induce ovulation in heifers, but hastened new follicular wave emergence in prepubertal heifers, influenced follicular dynamics in a phase-specific manner in mature heifers, and was luteotrophic.
Publication Date
September 15, 2012
Citation Information
Valeria M Tanco, M D van Steelandt, M H Ratto and G P Adams. "Effect of purified llama ovulation-inducing factor (OIF) on ovarian function in cattle" Theriogenology Vol. 78 Iss. 5 (2012)
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