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Article
Financing Publicly Owned Treatment Plants and Enforcement Under the United States Clean Water Act
Buffalo Environmental Law Journal (1994)
  • Valentina Okaru-Bisant, American Justice School of Law
Abstract
This article covers financing publicly owned treatment works and instituting enforcement measures against their non compliance with the 1972 United States Clean water Act. Pollution from government ( municipal) owned treatment plants were just as rampant as those from private industries. Government facilities, particularly those located in small and financially emasculated communities with small economies of scale were unable to comply with their discharge requirements under the act. The rate of non compliance of government owned treatment treatment plants was higher than that of private company owned plants. However, a number of factors, including political considerations militated against government enforcement against non compliant government ( municipal) owned treatment facilities. The article highlights the need to have a legal and market based incentive approach to enforcing the Clean Water Act. It also addresses the need to have public- private partnerships in financing water supply and wastewater treatment facilities.
Keywords
  • water law,
  • state revolsing fund,
  • fiancing water supply and wastewater treatment plants
Disciplines
Publication Date
March, 1994
Citation Information
Valentina Okaru-Bisant. "Financing Publicly Owned Treatment Plants and Enforcement Under the United States Clean Water Act" Buffalo Environmental Law Journal Vol. 2 (1994)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/valentina_okaru_bisant/4/