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PFI of n-Butanol and Direct Injection of Biodiesel to attain LTC for Low Emissions Idling in a Compression Engine
Energy
  • Valentin Soloiu, Georgia Southern University
  • Marvin Duggan, Georgia Southern University
  • Spencer Harp, Georgia Southern University
  • Brian Vlcek, Georgia Southern University
  • David Williams, Georgia Southern University
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
2-19-2013
DOI
10.1016/j.energy.2013.01.023
Abstract
In this study, n-butanol (port fuel injection) PFI was investigated in a direct injection compression ignition engine while at idling speeds, and loads, 1–3 bar IMEP (indicated mean effective pressure) in order to determine the effects on combustion, efficiency, emissions, and specifically, a modified tradeoff of soot and nitrogen oxides. As a result, the engine entered into (low-temperature combustion) LTC regions, for selected loads and speeds. Compared with the baseline taken with ultra-low sulfur diesel no. 2, the heat release with n-butanol in (premixed charge compression ignition) PCCI mode, has resulted in a 75% reduction from the maximum values, while a secondary peak appeared where the diffusion combustion typically occurs in the power stroke. At 3 bar IMEP an early, (bottom dead center) BTDC low-temperature heat release was found that began 6° earlier than for the diesel reference cycle, and corresponding to 1200 K. Soot emissions showed a massive decrease of about 98%, concurrently with a 74% reduction of nitrogen oxides at 3 IMEP by controlling the combustion phases and by modifying the classical NOx–soot tradeoff. The results of this work prove that biodiesel combined with n-butanol PFI in PCCI and LTC are very effective in simultaneously reducing soot and NOx at idling speeds.
Citation Information
Valentin Soloiu, Marvin Duggan, Spencer Harp, Brian Vlcek, et al.. "PFI of n-Butanol and Direct Injection of Biodiesel to attain LTC for Low Emissions Idling in a Compression Engine" Energy Vol. 52 Iss. 1 (2013) p. 143 - 154
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/valentin-soloiu/12/