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Article
Conviction and punishment: Free press and competitive election as deterrents to corruption
Public management review
  • Xiaowen Tian, Bond University
  • Vai Io Lo, Bond University
Date of this Version
1-1-2009
Document Type
Journal Article
Publication Details
Interim status: Citation only

Tian, X. & Lo, V. I. (2009). Conviction and punishment: Free press and competitive election as deterrents to corruption. Public management review, 11(2), 155-172.

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2009 HERDC submission. FoR code: 1503

© Copyright 2009 Taylor & Francis. All rights reserved.
Abstract

Democratic institutions are not equally effective in curbing corruption. Using a criminal behavior model, this study formulates the hypothesis that corruption offenders, being risk-inclined, are deterred more by conviction-reinforcing democratic institutions than by punishment-reinforcing democratic institutions. Evidence based on cross-country regressions strongly supports this hypothesis, indicating that compared with competitive election, free press is a more effective deterrent to corruption. While shedding light on why corruption remains rampant in some electoral democracies - particularly the illiberal democracies - this study identifies a key to corruption control.

Citation Information
Xiaowen Tian and Vai Io Lo. "Conviction and punishment: Free press and competitive election as deterrents to corruption" Public management review Vol. 11 Iss. 2 (2009) p. 155 - 172
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/vai_lo/18/