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Encyclopedia of Snow, Ice and Glaciers
Geology Faculty Publications
  • Vijay P. Singh, Texas A & M University - College Station
  • Pratap Singh
  • Umesh K. Haritashya, University of Dayton
Document Type
Publication Date
The objective of this encyclopedia is to present the current state of scientific understanding of various aspects of earth’s cryosphere – snow, glaciers, ice caps, ice sheets, ice shelves, sea ice, river and lake ice, and permafrost – and their related interdisciplinary connections under one umbrella. Therefore, every effort has been made to provide a comprehensive coverage of cryosphere by including a broad array of topics, such as the atmospheric processes responsible for snow formation; snowfall observations; snow cover and snow surveys; transformation of snow to ice and changes in their properties; classification of ice and glaciers and their worldwide distribution; glaciation and ice ages; glacier dynamics; glacier surface and subsurface characteristics; geomorphic processes and landscape formation; hydrology and sedimentary systems; hydrochemical and isotopic properties; permafrost modeling; hazards caused by cryospheric changes; trends of glacier retreat on a global scale along with the impact of climate change; and many more quantitative estimates of various glacier parameters, such as degree-day, mass balance, extent and volume, and downwasting. Also included are articles on GPS application, and satellite image application in glaciology; GPR analysis; and sea level rise.

The document available provides the encyclopedia's table of contents, a list of contributors, and one entry: fjords. For further content, visit an academic library or use the ISBN to purchase the volume.

Place of Publication
Peer Reviewed
Citation Information
Vijay P. Singh, Pratap Singh and Umesh K. Haritashya. Encyclopedia of Snow, Ice and Glaciers. (2011)
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