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Article
Seasonal effects on estrous behavior and time of ovulation in nonlactating beef cows
Journal of Animal Science (2002)
  • F.J. White
  • R.P. Wettemann
  • M.L. Looper
  • Tulio M Prado, University of Tennessee, Knoxville
  • G.L. Morgan
Abstract
Estrous behavior and time of ovulation relative to the onset of estrus were determined in mature Angus × Hereford cows (n = 17 to 21 each season) during summer, winter, and spring for 2 yr. Estrous behavior was evaluated during the first of two consecutive estrous periods, and time of ovulation was determined during the second estrus. Concentrations of progesterone were quantified in twice weekly blood samples to ensure all cows had normal estrous cycles. The HeatWatch system was used to measure the duration of estrus, number of mounts received per estrus, and duration of the longest interval between mounts received. Commencing 16 h after the onset of the second estrus, transrectal ultrasonography was performed every 4 h until the dominant follicle was no longer present on the ovary, and time of ovulation was defined as 2 h preceding the absence of the dominant follicle. There was a seasonal effect on the duration of estrus; cows were estrus longer in summer (17.6 ± 0.8 h) than in winter (15.5 ± 0.8 h; P = 0.07) or spring (13.9 ± 0.9 h; P < 0.05). Cows were mounted more times per estrus (P < 0.05) in winter (59.0 ± 5.3) than in summer (43.6 ± 5.3) or spring (38.2 ± 5.8). Intervals between mounts of estrous cows were longer (P < 0.05) in summer (4.1 ± 0.4 h) than in spring or winter (2.7 ± 0.4 h). During all seasons, cows were mounted more times (P < 0.01) between 0600 to 1200 (3.2 ± 0.2 mounts received/h of estrus) than during other times of the day (2.1 ± 0.2 mounts received/h of estrus). Cows ovulated 31.1 ± 0.6 h after the onset of estrus, and time of ovulation was not influenced by season. We conclude that season influences estrous behavior of beef cows; cows are mounted more times per estrus in winter than in summer or spring. Time of ovulation relative to the onset of estrus is constant during all seasons and averages.
Publication Date
December, 2002
Citation Information
F.J. White, R.P. Wettemann, M.L. Looper, Tulio M Prado, et al.. "Seasonal effects on estrous behavior and time of ovulation in nonlactating beef cows" Journal of Animal Science Vol. 80 Iss. 12 (2002)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/tulio_prado/4/