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Influence of exogenous gonadotropin-releasing hormone on ovarian function in beef cows after short- and long-term nutritionally induced anovulation
Journal of Animal Science (2002)
  • Tulio M Prado, University of Tennessee, Knoxville
  • R P Wettemann
  • L J Spicer
  • J A Vizcarra
  • G L Morgan
The effect of pulsatile infusion of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) on follicular function was evaluated in nutritionally induced anovulatory beef cows. After 4 (short; n = 12) or 18 wk (long; n = 12) of anovulation, cows were randomly assigned within anovulatory group to either 2 microg of GnRH treatment or saline (control; i.v.) every hour for 5 d. Ovarian structures were monitored by daily ultrasonography. Growth rate of the largest follicle (P < 0.01) and maximal size of the largest follicle during treatment were greater (P < 0.01) for GnRH vs control cows. At exsanguination after 5 d of GnRH treatment, the size of the second-largest follicle was greater (P < 0.05) in short (i.e., 4 wk) anovulatory cows than in long (i.e., 18 wk) anovulatory cows and the largest follicle tended (P < 0.10) to be larger in long vs short anovulatory cows. Short anovulatory GnRH-treated cows had more small follicles than short anovulatory control cows or long anovulatory GnRH-treated or control cows (anovulation x GnRH; P < 0.10). Follicular fluid (FFL) concentrations of estradiol (P < 0.01) and androstenedione (P < 0.05) were greater in GnRH vs control cows. Concentrations of insulin-like growth factor-I were greater (P < 0.10) in large vs small follicles in cows that were anovulatory for 4 wk, but not in cows that were anovulatory for 18 wk. The amount of insulin-like growth factor-binding protein (IGFBP)-3 in FFL was greater (P < 0.05) in 4- vs 18-wk anovulatory cows. Amounts of IGFBP-2, -4, and -5 were greater (P < 0.001) in FFL of small (< 5 mm) vs large (> or = 5 mm) follicles regardless of treatment. We conclude that pulsatile treatment with GnRH for 5 d stimulates similar growth of the largest follicles in short- and long-term anovulatory beef cows, and that the duration of anovulation is not a major factor that limits follicular growth w hen anovulatory cowsare treated with GnRH. The primary intrafollicular factors associated with increased follicular size were increased concentrations of estradiol, progesterone, and insulin-like growth factor-I,and decreased concentrations of IGFBP-2, -4, and -5. Increased duration of anovulation was associated with decreased concentrations of IGF-I and IGFBP-3 in FFL.
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Tulio M Prado, R P Wettemann, L J Spicer, J A Vizcarra, et al.. "Influence of exogenous gonadotropin-releasing hormone on ovarian function in beef cows after short- and long-term nutritionally induced anovulation" Journal of Animal Science Vol. 80 Iss. 12 (2002)
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