While the positive effects of goal setting and self-efficacy on performance are well established (Bandura, 1997; Locke & Latham, 1990) and it is known that task anxiety can lead to detriments in performance (Locke & Latham, 1990); it is not known which variable affects task performance the most. The present study aimed to identify the strongest predictor of task performance among self-efficacy, goal setting and task anxiety. The study was conducted with a total of 80 participants who were students from an Australian university. It was hypothesised that self-efficacy, goal setting and task anxiety would be significant predictors of task performance with self-efficacy being the most important predictor, followed by goal setting, followed by task anxiety. The hypothesis was partially supported as self-efficacy was found to be a significant, and the most important, predictor, but goal setting and task anxiety were not found to be significant predictors of task performance. Implications of the results are discussed.
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/trishita_mathew/2/