We investigated the influence of a retention interoal spent sleeping or waking on participants' performance in spatial, auditory, and visual tasks. Usingjenkins and Dallenbach 's research ( 1924) as a paradigm, we replicated and extended the original study using a 2 X 3 mixed design with repeated measures. The 2 independent variables were the activity during the retention interoal (i.e., sleeping or waking) and the 3 types of memory tasks (i.e., spatial, auditory, and visual). Fifty-seven undergraduate students participated in 2 sessions. Results indicate that a retention interoal spent sleeping had a beneficial effect on auditory memory performance. We did not find a significant effect for visual and spatial memory performance, but attribute this to ceiling effects within the experimental design.
Influence of a Sleeping Verses Waking Retention Interval on Spatial Visual Auditory Memory PerformancePsychology
PublisherPsi Chi, The National Honor Society in Psychology
Citation InformationFrey, M., Graca, M., Hem, H., Hoffman, C., & Kahan, T. L. (2003). Influence of a Sleeping Verses Waking Retention Interval on Spatial Visual Auditory Memory Performance. Psi Chi Journal of Undergraduate Research, 8 (4), 163-169.