Conditions are given for a Ck map T to be a Newton map, that is, the map associated with a differentiable real-valued function via Newton’s method. For finitely differentiable maps and functions, these conditions are only necessary, but in the smooth case, i.e. for k = ∞ , they are also sufficient. The characterisation rests upon the structure of the fixed point set of T and the value of the derivative T1 there, and it is best possible as is demonstrated through examples.
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