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Gender disparities in common sense models of illness among myocardial infarction victims
Health Psychology
  • Rene' Martin, University of Iowa
  • K. Lemos
  • N. Rothrock
  • S. B. Bellman
  • D. Russell
  • Toni Tripp-Reimer, University of Iowa
  • P. Lounsbury
  • E. Gordon
Document Type
Peer Reviewed
Publication Date
NLM Title Abbreviation
Health Psychol
PubMed ID
Symptom attributions were contrasted between male and female myocardial infarction victims (N = 157) who were comparable on age, cardiac risk status, medical history, symptom presentation, and other variables. Women were less likely than men to attribute their prehospital symptoms to cardiac causes. In the context of hearing symptom attributions or advice from support persons, women were less likely than men to report receiving a cardiac attribution or advice to seek medical attention. Results have implications for how victim gender influences the lay interpretation of cardiac symptoms. Copyright 2004 American Psychological Association
  • Attitude to Illness,
  • Cardiovascular Risk Factors,
  • Decision Making,
  • Patient,
  • Models,
  • Theoretical,
  • Myocardial Infarction -- Psychosocial Factors,
  • Myocardial Infarction -- Symptoms,
  • Sex Factors,
  • Academic Medical Centers,
  • Chi Square Test,
  • Clinical Assessment Tools,
  • Coefficient Alpha,
  • Cognition,
  • Correlation Coefficient,
  • Correlational Studies,
  • Cox Proportional Hazards Model,
  • Descriptive Statistics,
  • Female,
  • Funding Source,
  • Health Status,
  • Help Seeking Behavior,
  • Inpatients,
  • Iowa,
  • Kappa Statistic,
  • Male,
  • Psychological Tests,
  • Risk Assessment,
  • Self Report,
  • Semi-Structured Interview,
  • Summated Rating Scaling,
  • T-Tests,
  • Telephone,
  • Treatment Delay,
  • Human
Published Article/Book Citation
Health Psychology, 23:4 (2004) pp.345-353.
Citation Information
Health Psychology. 2004 Jul;23(4):345-353.