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Acute confusion assessment instruments: clinical versus research usability
Applied Nursing Research
  • C. G. Rapp
  • B. Wakefield
  • M. Kundrat
  • J. Mentes
  • Toni Tripp-Reimer, University of Iowa
  • Kennith R. Culp
  • Paula Mobily, University of Iowa
  • J. Akins
  • L. L. Onega
Document Type
Peer Reviewed
Publication Date
NLM Title Abbreviation
Appl Nurs Res
PubMed ID

Acute confusion (AC), also referred to as delirium (AC/delirium), is a common problem seen by health professionals who work in a variety of care settings. This is an evaluative report on the clinical usability of instruments to assess AC/delirium as a part of nursing practice. Specifically, five instruments [the Confusion Assessment Method (CAM), Delirium Rating Scale (DRS), Delirium Symptom Inventory (DSI), Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), and Neelon/Champagne (NEECHAM) Confusion Scale] are discussed. The work demonstrates how the cooperation of nurses in practice, education, and research can improve both patient and staff outcomes.

  • Mental Status -- Evaluation,
  • Clinical Assessment Tools,
  • Delirium -- Diagnosis,
  • Confusion -- Diagnosis,
  • Nursing Assessment,
  • Nursing Protocols,
  • Funding Source,
  • Evaluation Research,
  • DSM,
  • Consortia -- Iowa,
  • Iowa,
  • Hospitals,
  • Veterans -- Iowa,
  • Clinical Assessment Tools -- Evaluation,
  • Data Analysis,
  • Adult,
  • Middle Age,
  • Aged,
  • Inpatients,
  • Human
Published Article/Book Citation
Applied Nursing Research, 13:1 (2000) pp.37-45.
Citation Information
C. G. Rapp, B. Wakefield, M. Kundrat, J. Mentes, et al.. "Acute confusion assessment instruments: clinical versus research usability" Applied Nursing Research Vol. 13 Iss. 1 (2000) p. 37 - 45 ISSN: 0897-1897
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