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The negative effects of being a ‘late’ newcomer during an expatriation assignment
International journal of intercultural relations (2004)
  • Michael Harvey
  • Tim Kiessling
In some situations, expatriate managers and their families are encapsulated in expatriate enclaves for safety and social reasons. This type of living arrangement is frequently seen in the Middle East and other locations where safety for family members are of a high level of concern. Even in situations without strict compound-like arrangements, enclaves of expatriates are formed with their own group characteristics. It is anticipated that as MNCs focus on transition economies and emerging market countries, these enclaves and the adjustment of an expatriate to not only the cultural disparities but to these established groups will have an impact on expatriate success. This paper addresses the issues associated with being a ‘late newcomer’ to one of these self-contained compounds and the difficulties of becoming integrated into the social systems established in these enclaves. The appropriate type/level of social and organizational support is also examined. © Copyright Elsevier Ltd., 2005
  • enclave,
  • expatriate,
  • social system,
  • negative effects
Publication Date
November 1, 2004
Citation Information
Michael Harvey and Tim Kiessling. "The negative effects of being a ‘late’ newcomer during an expatriation assignment" International journal of intercultural relations Vol. 28 Iss. 6 (2004)
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