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Article
Piston Core Properties and Disturbance Effects
Journal of Geotechnical Engineering
  • H. W. Olsen
  • Thomas L. Rice, Cedarville University
  • D. W. Mayne
  • R. D. Signh
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
6-1-1986
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9410(1986)112:6(608)
Keywords
  • Ocean engineering,
  • overconsolidated soils,
  • sample disturbance,
  • sediment,
  • shear strength,
  • soil consolidation
Abstract
Laboratory geotechnical data on piston cores from 31 sites on the mid‐Atlantic Upper Continental Slope show the near‐surface sediments vary from normally consolidated to somewhat overconsolidated clayey silts and silty clays of low to high plasticity. They also exhibit normalized behavior and their index property correlations with the effective‐stress friction angle, the undrained strength ratio, and the compression index are reasonably consistent with existing knowledge. Disturbance effects were effectively minimized in the consolidation and strength parameter determinations by using stresses and stress histories in excess of those in situ. However, substantial disturbance effects in preconsolidation stress determinations were found. The preconsolidation stress values derived from the triaxial data are high, and those from the consolidation data are low, compared with the values obtained from the laboratory vane data. Because existing knowledge concerning disturbance effects suggests that in‐situ preconsolidation stress values should lie between those derived from the triaxial and laboratory vane data, the preconsolidation stress values obtained from the consolidation data appear to be appreciably smaller than in‐situ values.
Citation Information
H. W. Olsen, Thomas L. Rice, D. W. Mayne and R. D. Signh. "Piston Core Properties and Disturbance Effects" Journal of Geotechnical Engineering Vol. 112 Iss. 6 (1986) p. 608 - 625
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/thomas_rice/8/